The Effect of Speed, Power and Strength Training, and a Group Motivational Presentation on Physiological Markers of Athlete Readiness

A Case Study in Professional Rugby

Benjamin G Serpell, Joshua Strahorn, Carmen Colomer, Andrew McKune, Christian Cook, Kate Pumpa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a physical treatment (speed, power and strength training) and psychosocial treatment (group motivational presentation) on salivary testosterone (sal-T), salivary cortisol (sal-C), and sal-T to sal-C ratio (T:C) in professional rugby.

METHODS: Fourteen male rugby players aged 25.9 ± 2.5 years, height 186.1 ± 6.7 cm, and body mass 104.1 ± 12.7 kg participated in this study. Testing occurred across two days on two separate occasions (week one and week two). On day one of both weeks participants completed a speed, power and strength (SPS) training session. On day two of both weeks participants undertook a field-based rugby training session. In week two participants underwent an additional treatment in the form of a motivational presentation given by a respected former player before the rugby session. Saliva was collected before and after SPS training and before and after the rugby session and was assayed for testosterone and cortisol.

RESULTS: No differences were found between weeks for sal-T at any time point, but sal-C was higher in week two before and after SPS, and before rugby on day two (p < 0.05). Both weeks, T:C increased following SPS (p < 0.02, ES > 0.91 (0.13, 1.69)). T:C increased when the motivational presentation accompanied rugby training (p = 0.07, ES = 1.06 (0.27,1.85)). Sal-C drove changes in T:C (p < 0.001), not sal-T.

CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that physical or psychosocial treatments may affect sal-T, sal-C and T:C; and individual variation in responses to treatments may exist.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-129
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Volume14
Issue number1
Early online date12 Jun 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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Football
Resistance Training
Athletes
Hydrocortisone
Testosterone
Therapeutics
Saliva

Cite this

@article{93786669eac64b0494cea70d6920d628,
title = "The Effect of Speed, Power and Strength Training, and a Group Motivational Presentation on Physiological Markers of Athlete Readiness: A Case Study in Professional Rugby",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a physical treatment (speed, power and strength training) and psychosocial treatment (group motivational presentation) on salivary testosterone (sal-T), salivary cortisol (sal-C), and sal-T to sal-C ratio (T:C) in professional rugby.METHODS: Fourteen male rugby players aged 25.9 ± 2.5 years, height 186.1 ± 6.7 cm, and body mass 104.1 ± 12.7 kg participated in this study. Testing occurred across two days on two separate occasions (week one and week two). On day one of both weeks participants completed a speed, power and strength (SPS) training session. On day two of both weeks participants undertook a field-based rugby training session. In week two participants underwent an additional treatment in the form of a motivational presentation given by a respected former player before the rugby session. Saliva was collected before and after SPS training and before and after the rugby session and was assayed for testosterone and cortisol.RESULTS: No differences were found between weeks for sal-T at any time point, but sal-C was higher in week two before and after SPS, and before rugby on day two (p < 0.05). Both weeks, T:C increased following SPS (p < 0.02, ES > 0.91 (0.13, 1.69)). T:C increased when the motivational presentation accompanied rugby training (p = 0.07, ES = 1.06 (0.27,1.85)). Sal-C drove changes in T:C (p < 0.001), not sal-T.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that physical or psychosocial treatments may affect sal-T, sal-C and T:C; and individual variation in responses to treatments may exist.",
keywords = "stress, endocrinology, team sport, performance",
author = "Serpell, {Benjamin G} and Joshua Strahorn and Carmen Colomer and Andrew McKune and Christian Cook and Kate Pumpa",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1123/ijspp.2018-0177",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "125--129",
journal = "International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance",
issn = "1555-0265",
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}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Effect of Speed, Power and Strength Training, and a Group Motivational Presentation on Physiological Markers of Athlete Readiness

T2 - A Case Study in Professional Rugby

AU - Serpell, Benjamin G

AU - Strahorn, Joshua

AU - Colomer, Carmen

AU - McKune, Andrew

AU - Cook, Christian

AU - Pumpa, Kate

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a physical treatment (speed, power and strength training) and psychosocial treatment (group motivational presentation) on salivary testosterone (sal-T), salivary cortisol (sal-C), and sal-T to sal-C ratio (T:C) in professional rugby.METHODS: Fourteen male rugby players aged 25.9 ± 2.5 years, height 186.1 ± 6.7 cm, and body mass 104.1 ± 12.7 kg participated in this study. Testing occurred across two days on two separate occasions (week one and week two). On day one of both weeks participants completed a speed, power and strength (SPS) training session. On day two of both weeks participants undertook a field-based rugby training session. In week two participants underwent an additional treatment in the form of a motivational presentation given by a respected former player before the rugby session. Saliva was collected before and after SPS training and before and after the rugby session and was assayed for testosterone and cortisol.RESULTS: No differences were found between weeks for sal-T at any time point, but sal-C was higher in week two before and after SPS, and before rugby on day two (p < 0.05). Both weeks, T:C increased following SPS (p < 0.02, ES > 0.91 (0.13, 1.69)). T:C increased when the motivational presentation accompanied rugby training (p = 0.07, ES = 1.06 (0.27,1.85)). Sal-C drove changes in T:C (p < 0.001), not sal-T.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that physical or psychosocial treatments may affect sal-T, sal-C and T:C; and individual variation in responses to treatments may exist.

AB - OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a physical treatment (speed, power and strength training) and psychosocial treatment (group motivational presentation) on salivary testosterone (sal-T), salivary cortisol (sal-C), and sal-T to sal-C ratio (T:C) in professional rugby.METHODS: Fourteen male rugby players aged 25.9 ± 2.5 years, height 186.1 ± 6.7 cm, and body mass 104.1 ± 12.7 kg participated in this study. Testing occurred across two days on two separate occasions (week one and week two). On day one of both weeks participants completed a speed, power and strength (SPS) training session. On day two of both weeks participants undertook a field-based rugby training session. In week two participants underwent an additional treatment in the form of a motivational presentation given by a respected former player before the rugby session. Saliva was collected before and after SPS training and before and after the rugby session and was assayed for testosterone and cortisol.RESULTS: No differences were found between weeks for sal-T at any time point, but sal-C was higher in week two before and after SPS, and before rugby on day two (p < 0.05). Both weeks, T:C increased following SPS (p < 0.02, ES > 0.91 (0.13, 1.69)). T:C increased when the motivational presentation accompanied rugby training (p = 0.07, ES = 1.06 (0.27,1.85)). Sal-C drove changes in T:C (p < 0.001), not sal-T.CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that physical or psychosocial treatments may affect sal-T, sal-C and T:C; and individual variation in responses to treatments may exist.

KW - stress

KW - endocrinology

KW - team sport

KW - performance

U2 - 10.1123/ijspp.2018-0177

DO - 10.1123/ijspp.2018-0177

M3 - Article

VL - 14

SP - 125

EP - 129

JO - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

JF - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

SN - 1555-0265

IS - 1

ER -