The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance

Duncan French, Kevin THOMPSON, Stephen Garland, Christopher Barnes, Matthew Portas, Peter Hood, Graeme Wilkes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Contrast bathing (CB) and compression garments (CG) are widely used to promote recovery.

PURPOSE: To evaluate CB and CG as regeneration strategies after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD).

METHODS: Baseline values of muscle soreness, serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin (Mb), joint range of motion, limb girth, 10- or 30-m sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ), and five repetition maximum squat were completed by 26 young men who then undertook a resistance exercise challenge (REC) to induce EIMD: 6 x 10 parallel squats at 100% body weight with 5-s one repetition maximum eccentric squat superimposed onto each set. After the REC, subjects were separated into three intervention groups: CB, CG, and control (CONT). Forty-eight hours after REC, the subjects exercise performance was reassessed. CK and Mb were also measured +1, +24, and +48 h post-REC.

RESULTS: CK was elevated at +24 h ( upward arrow140%; upward arrow161%; upward arrow270%), and Mb was elevated at +1 h ( upward arrow523%; upward arrow458%; upward arrow682%) in CB, CG, and CONT. Within-group large effect sizes for loge[CK] were found for CB at +24 h (0.80) and +48 h (0.84). Area under the [Mb] curve was lower in CB compared with CG and CONT (P < or = 0.05). At +48 h, significant differences from baseline were found in all groups for CMJ (CG, downward arrow5.1%; CB, downward arrow4.4%; CONT, downward arrow8.5%) and soreness ( upward arrow213%; upward arrow284%; upward arrow284%). Soreness transiently fell at +1 h compared with post-REC in the CB group. At +48 h, midthigh girth increased in CB ( upward arrow1.4%) and CONT ( upward arrow1.6%), whereas 30-m sprint time increased in CG ( upward arrow2%).

CONCLUSION: No hierarchy of recovery effects was found. Neither contrast bathing nor compression acted to promote acute recovery from EIMD any more effectively than passive conditions, although contrast bathing may transiently attenuate postexercise soreness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1306
Number of pages10
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008
Externally publishedYes

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Clothing
Exercise
Myoglobin
Creatine Kinase
Therapeutics
Muscles
Myalgia
Articular Range of Motion
Area Under Curve
Regeneration
Extremities
Body Weight
Serum

Cite this

French, Duncan ; THOMPSON, Kevin ; Garland, Stephen ; Barnes, Christopher ; Portas, Matthew ; Hood, Peter ; Wilkes, Graeme. / The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance. In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2008 ; Vol. 40, No. 7. pp. 1297-1306.
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abstract = "Contrast bathing (CB) and compression garments (CG) are widely used to promote recovery.PURPOSE: To evaluate CB and CG as regeneration strategies after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD).METHODS: Baseline values of muscle soreness, serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin (Mb), joint range of motion, limb girth, 10- or 30-m sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ), and five repetition maximum squat were completed by 26 young men who then undertook a resistance exercise challenge (REC) to induce EIMD: 6 x 10 parallel squats at 100{\%} body weight with 5-s one repetition maximum eccentric squat superimposed onto each set. After the REC, subjects were separated into three intervention groups: CB, CG, and control (CONT). Forty-eight hours after REC, the subjects exercise performance was reassessed. CK and Mb were also measured +1, +24, and +48 h post-REC.RESULTS: CK was elevated at +24 h ( upward arrow140{\%}; upward arrow161{\%}; upward arrow270{\%}), and Mb was elevated at +1 h ( upward arrow523{\%}; upward arrow458{\%}; upward arrow682{\%}) in CB, CG, and CONT. Within-group large effect sizes for loge[CK] were found for CB at +24 h (0.80) and +48 h (0.84). Area under the [Mb] curve was lower in CB compared with CG and CONT (P < or = 0.05). At +48 h, significant differences from baseline were found in all groups for CMJ (CG, downward arrow5.1{\%}; CB, downward arrow4.4{\%}; CONT, downward arrow8.5{\%}) and soreness ( upward arrow213{\%}; upward arrow284{\%}; upward arrow284{\%}). Soreness transiently fell at +1 h compared with post-REC in the CB group. At +48 h, midthigh girth increased in CB ( upward arrow1.4{\%}) and CONT ( upward arrow1.6{\%}), whereas 30-m sprint time increased in CG ( upward arrow2{\%}).CONCLUSION: No hierarchy of recovery effects was found. Neither contrast bathing nor compression acted to promote acute recovery from EIMD any more effectively than passive conditions, although contrast bathing may transiently attenuate postexercise soreness.",
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author = "Duncan French and Kevin THOMPSON and Stephen Garland and Christopher Barnes and Matthew Portas and Peter Hood and Graeme Wilkes",
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The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance. / French, Duncan; THOMPSON, Kevin; Garland, Stephen; Barnes, Christopher; Portas, Matthew; Hood, Peter; Wilkes, Graeme.

In: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Vol. 40, No. 7, 07.2008, p. 1297-1306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of contrast bathing and compression therapy on muscular performance

AU - French, Duncan

AU - THOMPSON, Kevin

AU - Garland, Stephen

AU - Barnes, Christopher

AU - Portas, Matthew

AU - Hood, Peter

AU - Wilkes, Graeme

PY - 2008/7

Y1 - 2008/7

N2 - Contrast bathing (CB) and compression garments (CG) are widely used to promote recovery.PURPOSE: To evaluate CB and CG as regeneration strategies after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD).METHODS: Baseline values of muscle soreness, serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin (Mb), joint range of motion, limb girth, 10- or 30-m sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ), and five repetition maximum squat were completed by 26 young men who then undertook a resistance exercise challenge (REC) to induce EIMD: 6 x 10 parallel squats at 100% body weight with 5-s one repetition maximum eccentric squat superimposed onto each set. After the REC, subjects were separated into three intervention groups: CB, CG, and control (CONT). Forty-eight hours after REC, the subjects exercise performance was reassessed. CK and Mb were also measured +1, +24, and +48 h post-REC.RESULTS: CK was elevated at +24 h ( upward arrow140%; upward arrow161%; upward arrow270%), and Mb was elevated at +1 h ( upward arrow523%; upward arrow458%; upward arrow682%) in CB, CG, and CONT. Within-group large effect sizes for loge[CK] were found for CB at +24 h (0.80) and +48 h (0.84). Area under the [Mb] curve was lower in CB compared with CG and CONT (P < or = 0.05). At +48 h, significant differences from baseline were found in all groups for CMJ (CG, downward arrow5.1%; CB, downward arrow4.4%; CONT, downward arrow8.5%) and soreness ( upward arrow213%; upward arrow284%; upward arrow284%). Soreness transiently fell at +1 h compared with post-REC in the CB group. At +48 h, midthigh girth increased in CB ( upward arrow1.4%) and CONT ( upward arrow1.6%), whereas 30-m sprint time increased in CG ( upward arrow2%).CONCLUSION: No hierarchy of recovery effects was found. Neither contrast bathing nor compression acted to promote acute recovery from EIMD any more effectively than passive conditions, although contrast bathing may transiently attenuate postexercise soreness.

AB - Contrast bathing (CB) and compression garments (CG) are widely used to promote recovery.PURPOSE: To evaluate CB and CG as regeneration strategies after exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD).METHODS: Baseline values of muscle soreness, serum creatine kinase (CK) and myoglobin (Mb), joint range of motion, limb girth, 10- or 30-m sprint, countermovement jump (CMJ), and five repetition maximum squat were completed by 26 young men who then undertook a resistance exercise challenge (REC) to induce EIMD: 6 x 10 parallel squats at 100% body weight with 5-s one repetition maximum eccentric squat superimposed onto each set. After the REC, subjects were separated into three intervention groups: CB, CG, and control (CONT). Forty-eight hours after REC, the subjects exercise performance was reassessed. CK and Mb were also measured +1, +24, and +48 h post-REC.RESULTS: CK was elevated at +24 h ( upward arrow140%; upward arrow161%; upward arrow270%), and Mb was elevated at +1 h ( upward arrow523%; upward arrow458%; upward arrow682%) in CB, CG, and CONT. Within-group large effect sizes for loge[CK] were found for CB at +24 h (0.80) and +48 h (0.84). Area under the [Mb] curve was lower in CB compared with CG and CONT (P < or = 0.05). At +48 h, significant differences from baseline were found in all groups for CMJ (CG, downward arrow5.1%; CB, downward arrow4.4%; CONT, downward arrow8.5%) and soreness ( upward arrow213%; upward arrow284%; upward arrow284%). Soreness transiently fell at +1 h compared with post-REC in the CB group. At +48 h, midthigh girth increased in CB ( upward arrow1.4%) and CONT ( upward arrow1.6%), whereas 30-m sprint time increased in CG ( upward arrow2%).CONCLUSION: No hierarchy of recovery effects was found. Neither contrast bathing nor compression acted to promote acute recovery from EIMD any more effectively than passive conditions, although contrast bathing may transiently attenuate postexercise soreness.

KW - Creatine kinase

KW - Eccentric exercise

KW - Muscle damage

KW - Resistance exercise

U2 - 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31816b10d5

DO - 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31816b10d5

M3 - Article

VL - 40

SP - 1297

EP - 1306

JO - Medicine Science in Sports Exercise

JF - Medicine Science in Sports Exercise

SN - 0195-9131

IS - 7

ER -