The Effects of Deworming and Multiple Micronutrients on Anaemia in Preschool Children in Bangladesh: Analysis of Five Cross-Sectional Surveys

Haribondhu Sarma, Kinley Wangdi, Md Tariqujjaman, Ratish Das, Mahfuzur Rahman, Matthew Kelly, Tahmeed Ahmed, Darren J Gray

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Anaemia is a major public health problem among children < 5 years of age in Bangladesh due to recurrent intestinal parasite infections. The aim of this study was to understand the association between combining deworming and MNP home fortification (MNP + Deworming) and the prevalence of anaemia among children < 5 years of age in Bangladesh. We used pooled data from five cross-sectional surveys and performed multivariable logistic regression and calculated crude and adjusted odds ratios (AORs) to quantify the association of anaemia with the exposure variables. A total of 9948 households were considered for this paper. In the unadjusted logistic regression, no significant association was detected between the effective MNP coverage and anaemia prevalence, but the associations were significant (p < 0.001) between the deworming and anaemia prevalence and between the MNP + Deworming condition and anaemia prevalence. In the adjusted model, children who were exposed to both deworming and effective MNP coverage were 30% (AOR 0.70; 95% CI 0.52, 0.94; p = 0.018) less likely to be anaemic compared with children who were unexposed to combined MNP + Deworming. The combined effects of deworming and MNP supplementation on the reduction in anaemia prevalence highlighted the importance of using integrated and multidisciplinary intervention strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number150
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalNutrients
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes

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