The effects of preterm birth on visual development

Myra Leung, Benjamin Thompson, Joanna M. Black, Shuan Dai, Jane M. Alsweiler

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Children born very preterm are at a greater risk of abnormal visual and neurological development when compared to children born at full term. Preterm birth is associated with retinopathy of prematurity (a proliferative retinal vascular disease) and can also affect the development of brain structures associated with post-retinal processing of visual information. Visual deficits common in children born preterm, such as reduced visual acuity, strabismus, abnormal stereopsis and refractive error, are likely to be detected through childhood vision screening programs, ophthalmological follow-up or optometric care. However, routine screening may not detect other vision problems, such as reduced visual fields, impaired contrast sensitivity and deficits in cortical visual processing, that may occur in children born preterm. For example, visual functions associated with the dorsal visual processing stream, such as global motion perception and visuomotor integration, may be impaired by preterm birth. These impairments can continue into adolescence and adulthood and may contribute to the difficulties in learning (particularly reading and mathematics), attention, behaviour and cognition that some children born preterm experience. Improvements in understanding the mechanisms by which preterm birth affects vision will inform future screening and interventions for children born preterm.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-12
Number of pages9
JournalClinical and Experimental Optometry
Volume101
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Premature Birth
Vision Screening
Motion Perception
Depth Perception
Retinal Diseases
Retinal Vessels
Retinopathy of Prematurity
Contrast Sensitivity
Refractive Errors
Mathematics
Strabismus
Visual Fields
Automatic Data Processing
Vascular Diseases
Cognition
Visual Acuity
Reading
Learning
Brain

Cite this

Leung, Myra ; Thompson, Benjamin ; Black, Joanna M. ; Dai, Shuan ; Alsweiler, Jane M. / The effects of preterm birth on visual development. In: Clinical and Experimental Optometry. 2018 ; Vol. 101, No. 1. pp. 4-12.
@article{ffa36ddf9aa449eda3ba3e4448428742,
title = "The effects of preterm birth on visual development",
abstract = "Children born very preterm are at a greater risk of abnormal visual and neurological development when compared to children born at full term. Preterm birth is associated with retinopathy of prematurity (a proliferative retinal vascular disease) and can also affect the development of brain structures associated with post-retinal processing of visual information. Visual deficits common in children born preterm, such as reduced visual acuity, strabismus, abnormal stereopsis and refractive error, are likely to be detected through childhood vision screening programs, ophthalmological follow-up or optometric care. However, routine screening may not detect other vision problems, such as reduced visual fields, impaired contrast sensitivity and deficits in cortical visual processing, that may occur in children born preterm. For example, visual functions associated with the dorsal visual processing stream, such as global motion perception and visuomotor integration, may be impaired by preterm birth. These impairments can continue into adolescence and adulthood and may contribute to the difficulties in learning (particularly reading and mathematics), attention, behaviour and cognition that some children born preterm experience. Improvements in understanding the mechanisms by which preterm birth affects vision will inform future screening and interventions for children born preterm.",
keywords = "cortical processing, motion perception, preterm, retinopathy of prematurity, visuomotor integration",
author = "Myra Leung and Benjamin Thompson and Black, {Joanna M.} and Shuan Dai and Alsweiler, {Jane M.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/cxo.12578",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "4--12",
journal = "The Australasian journal of optometry",
issn = "0816-4622",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "1",

}

Leung, M, Thompson, B, Black, JM, Dai, S & Alsweiler, JM 2018, 'The effects of preterm birth on visual development', Clinical and Experimental Optometry, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 4-12. https://doi.org/10.1111/cxo.12578

The effects of preterm birth on visual development. / Leung, Myra; Thompson, Benjamin; Black, Joanna M.; Dai, Shuan; Alsweiler, Jane M.

In: Clinical and Experimental Optometry, Vol. 101, No. 1, 01.2018, p. 4-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of preterm birth on visual development

AU - Leung, Myra

AU - Thompson, Benjamin

AU - Black, Joanna M.

AU - Dai, Shuan

AU - Alsweiler, Jane M.

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - Children born very preterm are at a greater risk of abnormal visual and neurological development when compared to children born at full term. Preterm birth is associated with retinopathy of prematurity (a proliferative retinal vascular disease) and can also affect the development of brain structures associated with post-retinal processing of visual information. Visual deficits common in children born preterm, such as reduced visual acuity, strabismus, abnormal stereopsis and refractive error, are likely to be detected through childhood vision screening programs, ophthalmological follow-up or optometric care. However, routine screening may not detect other vision problems, such as reduced visual fields, impaired contrast sensitivity and deficits in cortical visual processing, that may occur in children born preterm. For example, visual functions associated with the dorsal visual processing stream, such as global motion perception and visuomotor integration, may be impaired by preterm birth. These impairments can continue into adolescence and adulthood and may contribute to the difficulties in learning (particularly reading and mathematics), attention, behaviour and cognition that some children born preterm experience. Improvements in understanding the mechanisms by which preterm birth affects vision will inform future screening and interventions for children born preterm.

AB - Children born very preterm are at a greater risk of abnormal visual and neurological development when compared to children born at full term. Preterm birth is associated with retinopathy of prematurity (a proliferative retinal vascular disease) and can also affect the development of brain structures associated with post-retinal processing of visual information. Visual deficits common in children born preterm, such as reduced visual acuity, strabismus, abnormal stereopsis and refractive error, are likely to be detected through childhood vision screening programs, ophthalmological follow-up or optometric care. However, routine screening may not detect other vision problems, such as reduced visual fields, impaired contrast sensitivity and deficits in cortical visual processing, that may occur in children born preterm. For example, visual functions associated with the dorsal visual processing stream, such as global motion perception and visuomotor integration, may be impaired by preterm birth. These impairments can continue into adolescence and adulthood and may contribute to the difficulties in learning (particularly reading and mathematics), attention, behaviour and cognition that some children born preterm experience. Improvements in understanding the mechanisms by which preterm birth affects vision will inform future screening and interventions for children born preterm.

KW - cortical processing

KW - motion perception

KW - preterm, retinopathy of prematurity

KW - visuomotor integration

U2 - 10.1111/cxo.12578

DO - 10.1111/cxo.12578

M3 - Review article

VL - 101

SP - 4

EP - 12

JO - The Australasian journal of optometry

JF - The Australasian journal of optometry

SN - 0816-4622

IS - 1

ER -