The Effort-Outcomes Relationship in Applied Ecology: Evaluation and Implications

Jim Hone, V. Alistair Drake, Charles J. Krebs

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    1 Citation (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Knowing the outcome(s) of management efforts in applied ecology is topical and useful. The effort–outcomes principle states that there is a cause-and-effect relationship between the desired outcomes of management and the effort applied (the inputs) but with diminishing returns. A question addressed by this relationship is the following: How much management effort is enough to achieve a desired outcome? We evaluate the relationship—namely, how it is described or estimated—give empirical examples, and outline a novel and explicit conceptual framework that connects management efforts to outcomes. We conclude that the relationship has been described three ways previously: in stylized graphs, from computer algorithms, and in observational studies. We recommend a fourth way employing manipulative experiments carried out as part of an adaptive management program and designed explicitly to estimate the relationship's parameters.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)845-852
    JournalBioscience
    Volume67
    Issue number9
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

    Cite this

    Hone, Jim ; Drake, V. Alistair ; Krebs, Charles J. / The Effort-Outcomes Relationship in Applied Ecology: Evaluation and Implications. In: Bioscience. 2017 ; Vol. 67, No. 9. pp. 845-852.
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    The Effort-Outcomes Relationship in Applied Ecology: Evaluation and Implications. / Hone, Jim; Drake, V. Alistair; Krebs, Charles J.

    In: Bioscience, Vol. 67, No. 9, 09.2017, p. 845-852.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AU - Hone, Jim

    AU - Drake, V. Alistair

    AU - Krebs, Charles J.

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