The experience of women following first acute coronary syndrome: An integrative literature review

Karen Strickland, Najmeh Alyasin, Alison Teate

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

Aim
There is lack of evidence and research understanding among women's lived experiences following first acute coronary syndrome, thus their recovery process remains poorly understood. To date research has largely focused on men's experience of acute coronary syndrome while this area of health care and recovery has considerable impact on women's health and quality of life. Our aim was to review the literature exploring lived experience of women following first acute coronary syndrome.

Design
Integrative review of the literature.

Data source
We searched PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL and Scopus from 2008–2018 for articles published in English.

Review method
Of 1675 publications identified, 18 qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method studies met our inclusion criteria. Quality of included studies was assessed using Joanna Briggs Institute quality assessment tools. Findings were integrated using thematic synthesis.

Results
Experiencing acute coronary syndrome was reported to have significant impacts on women's lives. The most common issues reported were physical limitations, fear, and uncertainties about the future, sexual dissatisfaction, and social isolation. Women also reported to have higher short‐ and long‐term mortality rate, stroke, recurrent, and hospital readmissions compared with men.

Conclusion
This review identified current knowledge and gaps about lived experience of women following first acute coronary syndrome. It is anticipated that the information gained from this literature review will support new research aimed at improving the care women receive following acute coronary syndrome and therefore enhance their recovery and quality of life.

Impact
This review contributes to the current body of knowledge by addressing women's physical, psychosocial, and sexual state following acute coronary syndrome. Improvement in women's quality of life after acute coronary syndrome necessitates further research which ultimately results in better management and treatment of women and their recovery following first acute coronary syndrome
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-20
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3 Jan 2021

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