The geochemistry of niobium and its distribution and relative mobility in agricultural soils of Europe

A. J. Scheib, D. M.A. Flight, M. Birke, T. Tarvainen, J. Locutura, S. Albanese, M. Andersson, A. Arnoldussen, R. Baritz, M. J. Batista, A. Bel-lan, D. Cicchella, A. Demetriades, E. Dinelli, B. De Vivo, W. De Vos, M. Duris, A. Dusza-Dobek, O. A. Eggen, M. Eklund & 64 others V. Ernstsen, P. Filzmoser, T. E. Finne, S. Forrester, M. Fuchs, U. Fugedi, A. Gilucis, M. Gosar, V. Gregorauskiene, A. Gulan, J. Halamić, E. Haslinger, P. Hayoz, G. Hobinger, R. Hoffmann, J. Hoogewerff, H. Hrvatovic, S. Husnjak, L. Janik, C. C. Johnson, G. Jordan, J. Kirby, J. Kivisilla, V. Klos, F. Krone, P. Kwecko, L. Kuti, A. Ladenberger, A. Lima, D. P. Lucivjansky, D. Mackovych, B. I. Malyuk, R. Maquil, M. McLaughlin, R. G. Meuli, N. Miosic, G. Mol, P. Négrel, P. O'Connor, K. Oorts, R. T. Ottesen, A. Pasieczna, W. Petersell, S. Pfleiderer, M. Poňavič, C. Prazeres, U. Rauch, C. Reimann, I. Salpeteur, A. Schedl, I. Schoeters, P. Sefcik, E. Sellersjö, F. Skopljak, I. Slaninka, A. Šorša, R. Srvkota, T. Stafilov, V. Trendavilov, P. Valera, V. Verougstraete, D. Vidojević, A. M. Zissimos, Z. Zomeni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil (GEMAS) project provides soil geochemical data for over 50 elements at a density of 1 sample per 2500 km2 across the European continent. Median baseline total concentrations of niobium (Nb) determined by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry in the <2 mm fraction of 2108 ploughed agricultural soil (0-20 cm) and 2024 grazing land (0-10 cm) samples are 13 and 12 mg/kg, respectively. These concentration levels are more than 23 times higher than the median extractable concentration of Nb obtained by aqua regia digestion. Thus >95% of Nb in soils can be considered 'immobile'. All anomalous soil concentrations can be related to geogenic processes. Many of the elevated Nb concentrations are underlain by Hercynian granitic intrusions and alkaline volcanic rocks. High Nb levels also correspond to the occurrence of residual soils over karst areas of southeast Europe and, to some extent, loess deposits of central and Eastern Europe. Lowest Nb concentrations are found in soils developed on most recent glacial sediments of northern Europe. Comparison of the aqua regia extractable concentrations of Nb in both sample types collected within <450 m of each other show that concentrations are on average 0.12 mg/kg (15.4%) higher in grazing land soils, suggesting an influence of different land-use practises.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-302
Number of pages10
JournalGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2012
Externally publishedYes

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Niobium
niobium
Geochemistry
agricultural soil
geochemistry
Soils
soil
grazing
residual soil
alkaline rock
Volcanic rocks
glacial deposit
X-ray fluorescence
loess
spectrometry
distribution
Europe
karst
volcanic rock
Land use

Cite this

Scheib, A. J., Flight, D. M. A., Birke, M., Tarvainen, T., Locutura, J., Albanese, S., ... Zomeni, Z. (2012). The geochemistry of niobium and its distribution and relative mobility in agricultural soils of Europe. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 12(4), 293-302. https://doi.org/10.1144/geochem2011-096
Scheib, A. J. ; Flight, D. M.A. ; Birke, M. ; Tarvainen, T. ; Locutura, J. ; Albanese, S. ; Andersson, M. ; Arnoldussen, A. ; Baritz, R. ; Batista, M. J. ; Bel-lan, A. ; Cicchella, D. ; Demetriades, A. ; Dinelli, E. ; De Vivo, B. ; De Vos, W. ; Duris, M. ; Dusza-Dobek, A. ; Eggen, O. A. ; Eklund, M. ; Ernstsen, V. ; Filzmoser, P. ; Finne, T. E. ; Forrester, S. ; Fuchs, M. ; Fugedi, U. ; Gilucis, A. ; Gosar, M. ; Gregorauskiene, V. ; Gulan, A. ; Halamić, J. ; Haslinger, E. ; Hayoz, P. ; Hobinger, G. ; Hoffmann, R. ; Hoogewerff, J. ; Hrvatovic, H. ; Husnjak, S. ; Janik, L. ; Johnson, C. C. ; Jordan, G. ; Kirby, J. ; Kivisilla, J. ; Klos, V. ; Krone, F. ; Kwecko, P. ; Kuti, L. ; Ladenberger, A. ; Lima, A. ; Lucivjansky, D. P. ; Mackovych, D. ; Malyuk, B. I. ; Maquil, R. ; McLaughlin, M. ; Meuli, R. G. ; Miosic, N. ; Mol, G. ; Négrel, P. ; O'Connor, P. ; Oorts, K. ; Ottesen, R. T. ; Pasieczna, A. ; Petersell, W. ; Pfleiderer, S. ; Poňavič, M. ; Prazeres, C. ; Rauch, U. ; Reimann, C. ; Salpeteur, I. ; Schedl, A. ; Schoeters, I. ; Sefcik, P. ; Sellersjö, E. ; Skopljak, F. ; Slaninka, I. ; Šorša, A. ; Srvkota, R. ; Stafilov, T. ; Trendavilov, V. ; Valera, P. ; Verougstraete, V. ; Vidojević, D. ; Zissimos, A. M. ; Zomeni, Z. / The geochemistry of niobium and its distribution and relative mobility in agricultural soils of Europe. In: Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis. 2012 ; Vol. 12, No. 4. pp. 293-302.
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abstract = "The Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil (GEMAS) project provides soil geochemical data for over 50 elements at a density of 1 sample per 2500 km2 across the European continent. Median baseline total concentrations of niobium (Nb) determined by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry in the <2 mm fraction of 2108 ploughed agricultural soil (0-20 cm) and 2024 grazing land (0-10 cm) samples are 13 and 12 mg/kg, respectively. These concentration levels are more than 23 times higher than the median extractable concentration of Nb obtained by aqua regia digestion. Thus >95{\%} of Nb in soils can be considered 'immobile'. All anomalous soil concentrations can be related to geogenic processes. Many of the elevated Nb concentrations are underlain by Hercynian granitic intrusions and alkaline volcanic rocks. High Nb levels also correspond to the occurrence of residual soils over karst areas of southeast Europe and, to some extent, loess deposits of central and Eastern Europe. Lowest Nb concentrations are found in soils developed on most recent glacial sediments of northern Europe. Comparison of the aqua regia extractable concentrations of Nb in both sample types collected within <450 m of each other show that concentrations are on average 0.12 mg/kg (15.4{\%}) higher in grazing land soils, suggesting an influence of different land-use practises.",
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Scheib, AJ, Flight, DMA, Birke, M, Tarvainen, T, Locutura, J, Albanese, S, Andersson, M, Arnoldussen, A, Baritz, R, Batista, MJ, Bel-lan, A, Cicchella, D, Demetriades, A, Dinelli, E, De Vivo, B, De Vos, W, Duris, M, Dusza-Dobek, A, Eggen, OA, Eklund, M, Ernstsen, V, Filzmoser, P, Finne, TE, Forrester, S, Fuchs, M, Fugedi, U, Gilucis, A, Gosar, M, Gregorauskiene, V, Gulan, A, Halamić, J, Haslinger, E, Hayoz, P, Hobinger, G, Hoffmann, R, Hoogewerff, J, Hrvatovic, H, Husnjak, S, Janik, L, Johnson, CC, Jordan, G, Kirby, J, Kivisilla, J, Klos, V, Krone, F, Kwecko, P, Kuti, L, Ladenberger, A, Lima, A, Lucivjansky, DP, Mackovych, D, Malyuk, BI, Maquil, R, McLaughlin, M, Meuli, RG, Miosic, N, Mol, G, Négrel, P, O'Connor, P, Oorts, K, Ottesen, RT, Pasieczna, A, Petersell, W, Pfleiderer, S, Poňavič, M, Prazeres, C, Rauch, U, Reimann, C, Salpeteur, I, Schedl, A, Schoeters, I, Sefcik, P, Sellersjö, E, Skopljak, F, Slaninka, I, Šorša, A, Srvkota, R, Stafilov, T, Trendavilov, V, Valera, P, Verougstraete, V, Vidojević, D, Zissimos, AM & Zomeni, Z 2012, 'The geochemistry of niobium and its distribution and relative mobility in agricultural soils of Europe', Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 293-302. https://doi.org/10.1144/geochem2011-096

The geochemistry of niobium and its distribution and relative mobility in agricultural soils of Europe. / Scheib, A. J.; Flight, D. M.A.; Birke, M.; Tarvainen, T.; Locutura, J.; Albanese, S.; Andersson, M.; Arnoldussen, A.; Baritz, R.; Batista, M. J.; Bel-lan, A.; Cicchella, D.; Demetriades, A.; Dinelli, E.; De Vivo, B.; De Vos, W.; Duris, M.; Dusza-Dobek, A.; Eggen, O. A.; Eklund, M.; Ernstsen, V.; Filzmoser, P.; Finne, T. E.; Forrester, S.; Fuchs, M.; Fugedi, U.; Gilucis, A.; Gosar, M.; Gregorauskiene, V.; Gulan, A.; Halamić, J.; Haslinger, E.; Hayoz, P.; Hobinger, G.; Hoffmann, R.; Hoogewerff, J.; Hrvatovic, H.; Husnjak, S.; Janik, L.; Johnson, C. C.; Jordan, G.; Kirby, J.; Kivisilla, J.; Klos, V.; Krone, F.; Kwecko, P.; Kuti, L.; Ladenberger, A.; Lima, A.; Lucivjansky, D. P.; Mackovych, D.; Malyuk, B. I.; Maquil, R.; McLaughlin, M.; Meuli, R. G.; Miosic, N.; Mol, G.; Négrel, P.; O'Connor, P.; Oorts, K.; Ottesen, R. T.; Pasieczna, A.; Petersell, W.; Pfleiderer, S.; Poňavič, M.; Prazeres, C.; Rauch, U.; Reimann, C.; Salpeteur, I.; Schedl, A.; Schoeters, I.; Sefcik, P.; Sellersjö, E.; Skopljak, F.; Slaninka, I.; Šorša, A.; Srvkota, R.; Stafilov, T.; Trendavilov, V.; Valera, P.; Verougstraete, V.; Vidojević, D.; Zissimos, A. M.; Zomeni, Z.

In: Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, Vol. 12, No. 4, 01.11.2012, p. 293-302.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The geochemistry of niobium and its distribution and relative mobility in agricultural soils of Europe

AU - Scheib, A. J.

AU - Flight, D. M.A.

AU - Birke, M.

AU - Tarvainen, T.

AU - Locutura, J.

AU - Albanese, S.

AU - Andersson, M.

AU - Arnoldussen, A.

AU - Baritz, R.

AU - Batista, M. J.

AU - Bel-lan, A.

AU - Cicchella, D.

AU - Demetriades, A.

AU - Dinelli, E.

AU - De Vivo, B.

AU - De Vos, W.

AU - Duris, M.

AU - Dusza-Dobek, A.

AU - Eggen, O. A.

AU - Eklund, M.

AU - Ernstsen, V.

AU - Filzmoser, P.

AU - Finne, T. E.

AU - Forrester, S.

AU - Fuchs, M.

AU - Fugedi, U.

AU - Gilucis, A.

AU - Gosar, M.

AU - Gregorauskiene, V.

AU - Gulan, A.

AU - Halamić, J.

AU - Haslinger, E.

AU - Hayoz, P.

AU - Hobinger, G.

AU - Hoffmann, R.

AU - Hoogewerff, J.

AU - Hrvatovic, H.

AU - Husnjak, S.

AU - Janik, L.

AU - Johnson, C. C.

AU - Jordan, G.

AU - Kirby, J.

AU - Kivisilla, J.

AU - Klos, V.

AU - Krone, F.

AU - Kwecko, P.

AU - Kuti, L.

AU - Ladenberger, A.

AU - Lima, A.

AU - Lucivjansky, D. P.

AU - Mackovych, D.

AU - Malyuk, B. I.

AU - Maquil, R.

AU - McLaughlin, M.

AU - Meuli, R. G.

AU - Miosic, N.

AU - Mol, G.

AU - Négrel, P.

AU - O'Connor, P.

AU - Oorts, K.

AU - Ottesen, R. T.

AU - Pasieczna, A.

AU - Petersell, W.

AU - Pfleiderer, S.

AU - Poňavič, M.

AU - Prazeres, C.

AU - Rauch, U.

AU - Reimann, C.

AU - Salpeteur, I.

AU - Schedl, A.

AU - Schoeters, I.

AU - Sefcik, P.

AU - Sellersjö, E.

AU - Skopljak, F.

AU - Slaninka, I.

AU - Šorša, A.

AU - Srvkota, R.

AU - Stafilov, T.

AU - Trendavilov, V.

AU - Valera, P.

AU - Verougstraete, V.

AU - Vidojević, D.

AU - Zissimos, A. M.

AU - Zomeni, Z.

PY - 2012/11/1

Y1 - 2012/11/1

N2 - The Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil (GEMAS) project provides soil geochemical data for over 50 elements at a density of 1 sample per 2500 km2 across the European continent. Median baseline total concentrations of niobium (Nb) determined by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry in the <2 mm fraction of 2108 ploughed agricultural soil (0-20 cm) and 2024 grazing land (0-10 cm) samples are 13 and 12 mg/kg, respectively. These concentration levels are more than 23 times higher than the median extractable concentration of Nb obtained by aqua regia digestion. Thus >95% of Nb in soils can be considered 'immobile'. All anomalous soil concentrations can be related to geogenic processes. Many of the elevated Nb concentrations are underlain by Hercynian granitic intrusions and alkaline volcanic rocks. High Nb levels also correspond to the occurrence of residual soils over karst areas of southeast Europe and, to some extent, loess deposits of central and Eastern Europe. Lowest Nb concentrations are found in soils developed on most recent glacial sediments of northern Europe. Comparison of the aqua regia extractable concentrations of Nb in both sample types collected within <450 m of each other show that concentrations are on average 0.12 mg/kg (15.4%) higher in grazing land soils, suggesting an influence of different land-use practises.

AB - The Geochemical Mapping of Agricultural and Grazing Land Soil (GEMAS) project provides soil geochemical data for over 50 elements at a density of 1 sample per 2500 km2 across the European continent. Median baseline total concentrations of niobium (Nb) determined by X-ray fluorescence spectrometry in the <2 mm fraction of 2108 ploughed agricultural soil (0-20 cm) and 2024 grazing land (0-10 cm) samples are 13 and 12 mg/kg, respectively. These concentration levels are more than 23 times higher than the median extractable concentration of Nb obtained by aqua regia digestion. Thus >95% of Nb in soils can be considered 'immobile'. All anomalous soil concentrations can be related to geogenic processes. Many of the elevated Nb concentrations are underlain by Hercynian granitic intrusions and alkaline volcanic rocks. High Nb levels also correspond to the occurrence of residual soils over karst areas of southeast Europe and, to some extent, loess deposits of central and Eastern Europe. Lowest Nb concentrations are found in soils developed on most recent glacial sediments of northern Europe. Comparison of the aqua regia extractable concentrations of Nb in both sample types collected within <450 m of each other show that concentrations are on average 0.12 mg/kg (15.4%) higher in grazing land soils, suggesting an influence of different land-use practises.

KW - Aqua Regia

KW - Extractability

KW - GEMAS

KW - Geochemical Mapping

KW - XRF

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84885952693&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1144/geochem2011-096

DO - 10.1144/geochem2011-096

M3 - Article

VL - 12

SP - 293

EP - 302

JO - Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis

JF - Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis

SN - 1467-7873

IS - 4

ER -