The Gestalt Principles of Similarity and Proximity Apply to Both The Haptic and Visual Grouping of Elements

Dempsey Hsiu-Ju Chang

    Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookConference contribution

    23 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    When designing multi-sensory displays it is necessary to
    consider human perceptual capabilities and understand
    how people find patterns and how they organise individual
    elements into structures and groups.
    Gestalt theory, originally described in 1910, attempts to
    explain the way people perceive and recognise patterns.
    The early studies of Gestalt principles of grouping were
    predominantly concerned with visual perception, although
    more recently they have been investigated for auditory
    perception. This paper focuses on how individuals use the
    sense of touch (haptics) to group display elements using
    the Gestalt principles of similarity and proximity. A direct
    comparison is made with the visual grouping of elements
    using the same two principles of similarity and proximity.
    The hypothesis of the experiment described in this paper is
    that people will use touch to group display elements in the
    same way they group elements visually. Overall we found
    that a significant number of subjects used texture or colour
    to group the elements when there was an equal spacing
    between the elements. This supports our hypothesis that
    the principle of similarity is equally applicable for both
    visual (colour) and haptic (texture) grouping. Similarly,
    when subjects perceived an unequal spacing between the
    elements they used spatial position to determine groupings.
    These results support our hypothesis that the principle of
    proximity is also applicable for both visual and haptic
    grouping.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationConferences In Research And Practice in Information Technology
    EditorsW Piekarski, B Plimmer
    Place of PublicationBelford Park, SA Australia
    PublisherFlinders Press
    Pages79-86
    Number of pages8
    ISBN (Print)9781920682465
    Publication statusPublished - 2007
    EventEighth Australasian User Interface Conference (AUIC2007) - Ballarat, Australia
    Duration: 30 Jan 20072 Feb 2007

    Conference

    ConferenceEighth Australasian User Interface Conference (AUIC2007)
    CountryAustralia
    CityBallarat
    Period30/01/072/02/07

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  • Cite this

    Chang, D. H-J. (2007). The Gestalt Principles of Similarity and Proximity Apply to Both The Haptic and Visual Grouping of Elements. In W. Piekarski, & B. Plimmer (Eds.), Conferences In Research And Practice in Information Technology (pp. 79-86). Flinders Press. https://crpit.scem.westernsydney.edu.au/confpapers/CRPITV64Chang.pdf