The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia

Deborah J. Schofield, Michelle Cunich, Rupendra Shrestha, Emily J. Callander, Megan Passey, Simon Kelly, Robert TANTON, Lennert Veerman

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    Objective To quantify the poverty status and level of disadvantage experienced by Australians aged 45–64 years who have left the labour force due to diabetes in 2010. Research Design and Methods A purpose-built microsimulation model, HealthWealthMOD2030, was used to estimate the poverty status and level of disadvantage of those aged 45–64 years who prematurely retire from the workforce due to diabetes. A multiple regression model was used to identify significant differences in rates of income poverty and the degree of disadvantage between those out of the labour force due to diabetes and those employed full- or part-time with no diabetes. Results 63.9% of people aged 45–64 years who were out of the labour force due to diabetes were in poverty in 2010. The odds of being in poverty for those with no diabetes and employed full-time (OR of being in poverty 0.02 95%CI: 0.01–0.04) or part-time (OR of being in poverty 0.10 95%CI: 0.05–0.23) are significantly lower than those for persons not in the labour force due to diabetes. Amongst those with diabetes, those who were able to stay in either full- or part-time employment were as much as 97% less likely to be in poverty than those who had to retire early because of the condition. Sensitivity analysis was used to assess impacts of different poverty line thresholds and key socioeconomic predictors of poverty. Conclusions This study has shown that having diabetes and not being in the labour force because of this condition significantly increases the chances of living in poverty. Intervening to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes is likely to improve their living standards.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-7
    Number of pages7
    JournalPLoS One
    Volume9
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

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    labor force
    Poverty
    Medical problems
    poverty
    diabetes
    income
    Personnel
    Sensitivity analysis
    socioeconomics
    Research Design

    Cite this

    Schofield, D. J., Cunich, M., Shrestha, R., Callander, E. J., Passey, M., Kelly, S., ... Veerman, L. (2014). The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia. PLoS One, 9(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089360
    Schofield, Deborah J. ; Cunich, Michelle ; Shrestha, Rupendra ; Callander, Emily J. ; Passey, Megan ; Kelly, Simon ; TANTON, Robert ; Veerman, Lennert. / The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia. In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 1-7.
    @article{52b4d330568840c1a9e0c972d28e63d6,
    title = "The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia",
    abstract = "Objective To quantify the poverty status and level of disadvantage experienced by Australians aged 45–64 years who have left the labour force due to diabetes in 2010. Research Design and Methods A purpose-built microsimulation model, HealthWealthMOD2030, was used to estimate the poverty status and level of disadvantage of those aged 45–64 years who prematurely retire from the workforce due to diabetes. A multiple regression model was used to identify significant differences in rates of income poverty and the degree of disadvantage between those out of the labour force due to diabetes and those employed full- or part-time with no diabetes. Results 63.9{\%} of people aged 45–64 years who were out of the labour force due to diabetes were in poverty in 2010. The odds of being in poverty for those with no diabetes and employed full-time (OR of being in poverty 0.02 95{\%}CI: 0.01–0.04) or part-time (OR of being in poverty 0.10 95{\%}CI: 0.05–0.23) are significantly lower than those for persons not in the labour force due to diabetes. Amongst those with diabetes, those who were able to stay in either full- or part-time employment were as much as 97{\%} less likely to be in poverty than those who had to retire early because of the condition. Sensitivity analysis was used to assess impacts of different poverty line thresholds and key socioeconomic predictors of poverty. Conclusions This study has shown that having diabetes and not being in the labour force because of this condition significantly increases the chances of living in poverty. Intervening to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes is likely to improve their living standards.",
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    author = "Schofield, {Deborah J.} and Michelle Cunich and Rupendra Shrestha and Callander, {Emily J.} and Megan Passey and Simon Kelly and Robert TANTON and Lennert Veerman",
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    Schofield, DJ, Cunich, M, Shrestha, R, Callander, EJ, Passey, M, Kelly, S, TANTON, R & Veerman, L 2014, 'The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia', PLoS One, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0089360

    The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia. / Schofield, Deborah J.; Cunich, Michelle; Shrestha, Rupendra; Callander, Emily J.; Passey, Megan; Kelly, Simon; TANTON, Robert; Veerman, Lennert.

    In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2014, p. 1-7.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    T1 - The Impact of Diabetes on the Labour Force Participation and Income Poverty of Workers Aged 45-64 Years in Australia

    AU - Schofield, Deborah J.

    AU - Cunich, Michelle

    AU - Shrestha, Rupendra

    AU - Callander, Emily J.

    AU - Passey, Megan

    AU - Kelly, Simon

    AU - TANTON, Robert

    AU - Veerman, Lennert

    PY - 2014

    Y1 - 2014

    N2 - Objective To quantify the poverty status and level of disadvantage experienced by Australians aged 45–64 years who have left the labour force due to diabetes in 2010. Research Design and Methods A purpose-built microsimulation model, HealthWealthMOD2030, was used to estimate the poverty status and level of disadvantage of those aged 45–64 years who prematurely retire from the workforce due to diabetes. A multiple regression model was used to identify significant differences in rates of income poverty and the degree of disadvantage between those out of the labour force due to diabetes and those employed full- or part-time with no diabetes. Results 63.9% of people aged 45–64 years who were out of the labour force due to diabetes were in poverty in 2010. The odds of being in poverty for those with no diabetes and employed full-time (OR of being in poverty 0.02 95%CI: 0.01–0.04) or part-time (OR of being in poverty 0.10 95%CI: 0.05–0.23) are significantly lower than those for persons not in the labour force due to diabetes. Amongst those with diabetes, those who were able to stay in either full- or part-time employment were as much as 97% less likely to be in poverty than those who had to retire early because of the condition. Sensitivity analysis was used to assess impacts of different poverty line thresholds and key socioeconomic predictors of poverty. Conclusions This study has shown that having diabetes and not being in the labour force because of this condition significantly increases the chances of living in poverty. Intervening to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes is likely to improve their living standards.

    AB - Objective To quantify the poverty status and level of disadvantage experienced by Australians aged 45–64 years who have left the labour force due to diabetes in 2010. Research Design and Methods A purpose-built microsimulation model, HealthWealthMOD2030, was used to estimate the poverty status and level of disadvantage of those aged 45–64 years who prematurely retire from the workforce due to diabetes. A multiple regression model was used to identify significant differences in rates of income poverty and the degree of disadvantage between those out of the labour force due to diabetes and those employed full- or part-time with no diabetes. Results 63.9% of people aged 45–64 years who were out of the labour force due to diabetes were in poverty in 2010. The odds of being in poverty for those with no diabetes and employed full-time (OR of being in poverty 0.02 95%CI: 0.01–0.04) or part-time (OR of being in poverty 0.10 95%CI: 0.05–0.23) are significantly lower than those for persons not in the labour force due to diabetes. Amongst those with diabetes, those who were able to stay in either full- or part-time employment were as much as 97% less likely to be in poverty than those who had to retire early because of the condition. Sensitivity analysis was used to assess impacts of different poverty line thresholds and key socioeconomic predictors of poverty. Conclusions This study has shown that having diabetes and not being in the labour force because of this condition significantly increases the chances of living in poverty. Intervening to prevent or delay the onset of diabetes is likely to improve their living standards.

    KW - Impaired Glucose Tolerance

    KW - Life Style

    KW - Financial Barriers

    KW - Mellitus

    KW - Productivity

    U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0089360

    DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0089360

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