The Impact of Exercise and Nutrition as Part of a Person-Centered Approach to Prehabilitation in Patients with Bladder Cancer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is commonly treated with radical cystectomy. Patients who require radical cystectomy are often frail, unwell, have multiple comorbidities, and can experience unmet supportive care needs. Due to these complexities, patients requiring radical cystectomy are often considered high risk for anesthetics, and therefore improving their physical and psychological well-being is crucial prior to radical surgery. Prehabilitation is the practice of enhancing a patient's functional and psychological capacity before surgery, with the aim of improving postoperative outcomes. This narrative
review aims to identify and evaluate the role of physical exercise, nutritional intervention, and person-centered holistic approaches to prehabilitation in people affected by MIBC treated by radical cystectomy.
Data Sources: Electronic databases including CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsychINFO, Scopus, and grey literature were searched using Google scholar until June 2020.
Conclusion: Evidence to support specific prehabilitation clinical recommendations in people affected by MIBC is emerging. Prehabilitation including exercise prescription, nutritional intervention, and person-centered
holistic support is an important part of the clinical pathway for people affected by MIBC. Individualized prehabilitation programs across the multidisciplinary team should be considered to provide specific individual recommendations to avoid “one size fits all”. Given the limited research in this clinical area, future high-quality multi-center prospective trials are urgently needed.
Implications for Nursing Practice: People affected by MIBC can experience a range of unmet supportive care needs in routine clinical care delivery at the time of diagnosis and into survivorship. Evidence is emerging around the role of multidisciplinary interventions in the form of exercise, nutritional input, and holistic supportive care to improve physical and psychological well-being prior to major surgery. Specialist nurses are ideally placed to ensure that individual holistic care needs are addressed, and appropriate care and support
is provided. Nurses can trigger timely referrals to members of the multidisciplinary team to coordinate an integrated person-centered approach to prehabilitation service provision to address the unmet needs of people undergoing treatment for MIBC
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalSeminars in Oncology Nursing
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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