The impact of gender-role-orientations on subjective career success: A multilevel study of 36 societies

Jane Terpstra-Tong, David A. Ralston, Len Treviño, Charlotte Karam, Olivier Furrer, Fabian Froese, Brian Tjemkes, Fidel León Darder, Malika Richards, Marina Dabic, Yongjuan Li, Pingping Fu, Mario Molteni, Ian Palmer, Zuzana Tučková, Erna Szabo, Gabrielle Poeschl, Martin Hemmert, Arif Butt, Teresa de la GarzaDalia Susniene, Satoko Suzuki, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Jamie Ruiz Gutierrez, Antonin Ricard, Zoltán Buzády, Luis Sigala Paparella, Oswaldo Morales, Vik Naidoo, Maria Kangasniemi-Haapala, Tevfik Dalgic, Ruth Alas, Vojko Potocan, Ajantha S. Dharmasiri, Yongqing Fang, Calvin Burns, Marian Crowley-Henry

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    We investigate the relationships between gender-role-orientation (i.e., androgynous, masculine, feminine and undifferentiated) and subjective career success among business professionals from 36 societies. Drawing on the resource management perspective, we predict that androgynous individuals will report the highest subjective career success, followed by masculine, feminine, and undifferentiated individuals. We also postulate that meso-organizational culture and macro-societal values will have moderating effects on gender role's impact on subjective career success. The results of our hierarchical linear models support the hypothesized hierarchy of the relationships between gender-role-orientations and subjective career success. However, we found that ethical achievement values at the societal culture level was the only variable that had a positive moderating impact on the relationship between feminine orientation and subjective career success. Thus, our findings of minimal moderation effect suggest that meso- and macro-level environments may not play a significant role in determining an individual's perception of career success.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number103773
    Pages (from-to)1-23
    Number of pages23
    JournalJournal of Vocational Behavior
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


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