The influence of upper-body mechanics, anthropometry and isokinetic strength on performance in wrist-spin cricket bowling

Wayne Spratford, Bruce Elliott, Nicholas Brown, Jacqueline Alderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Delivering a cricket ball with a wrist-spin (WS) bowling technique is considered one of the game’s most difficult skills. Limited biomechanical information exists for WS bowlers across skill levels. The purpose of this study was to compare biomechanical, isokinetic strength and anthropometric measures between
elite (12) and pathway bowlers (eight). Data were collected using a motion analysis system, dynamometer and a level-two anthropometrist. A regression analysis identified that performance was best explained by increased wrist radial deviation torque and longitudinal axis rotational moments at the shoulder and
wrist. From back foot impact (BFI) to ball release (BR), elite bowlers rotated their trunks less, experienced less trunk deceleration resulting in a more front-on position and increased pelvis rotation angular velocity. They also displayed an increased shoulder internal rotation moment as the upper arm moved
from external into internal rotation and was a major contributor in the subsequent differences observed in the distal segments of the bowling limb. Anthropometric differences were observed at the wrist and
finger joints and may be used to form the basis for talent identification programmes. This study highlights the important contribution to bowling performance of the musculature responsible for producing long
axis rotations of the bowling limb.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1
Pages (from-to)280-287
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Sports Sciences
Volume38
Issue number3
Early online date27 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Gryllidae
Anthropometry
Mechanics
Wrist
Extremities
Wrist Joint
Aptitude
Deceleration
Torque
Pelvis
Foot
Arm
Regression Analysis

Cite this

@article{8895a7e98d084750bf2941b4d2997088,
title = "The influence of upper-body mechanics, anthropometry and isokinetic strength on performance in wrist-spin cricket bowling",
abstract = "Delivering a cricket ball with a wrist-spin (WS) bowling technique is considered one of the game’s most difficult skills. Limited biomechanical information exists for WS bowlers across skill levels. The purpose of this study was to compare biomechanical, isokinetic strength and anthropometric measures betweenelite (12) and pathway bowlers (eight). Data were collected using a motion analysis system, dynamometer and a level-two anthropometrist. A regression analysis identified that performance was best explained by increased wrist radial deviation torque and longitudinal axis rotational moments at the shoulder andwrist. From back foot impact (BFI) to ball release (BR), elite bowlers rotated their trunks less, experienced less trunk deceleration resulting in a more front-on position and increased pelvis rotation angular velocity. They also displayed an increased shoulder internal rotation moment as the upper arm movedfrom external into internal rotation and was a major contributor in the subsequent differences observed in the distal segments of the bowling limb. Anthropometric differences were observed at the wrist andfinger joints and may be used to form the basis for talent identification programmes. This study highlights the important contribution to bowling performance of the musculature responsible for producing longaxis rotations of the bowling limb.",
keywords = "Spin bowling, biomechanics, revolutions, strength, wrist spin",
author = "Wayne Spratford and Bruce Elliott and Nicholas Brown and Jacqueline Alderson",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1080/02640414.2019.1696265",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "280--287",
journal = "Journal of Sports Science",
issn = "0264-0414",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "3",

}

The influence of upper-body mechanics, anthropometry and isokinetic strength on performance in wrist-spin cricket bowling. / Spratford, Wayne; Elliott, Bruce; Brown, Nicholas; Alderson, Jacqueline.

In: Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 38, No. 3, 1, 01.2020, p. 280-287.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The influence of upper-body mechanics, anthropometry and isokinetic strength on performance in wrist-spin cricket bowling

AU - Spratford, Wayne

AU - Elliott, Bruce

AU - Brown, Nicholas

AU - Alderson, Jacqueline

PY - 2020/1

Y1 - 2020/1

N2 - Delivering a cricket ball with a wrist-spin (WS) bowling technique is considered one of the game’s most difficult skills. Limited biomechanical information exists for WS bowlers across skill levels. The purpose of this study was to compare biomechanical, isokinetic strength and anthropometric measures betweenelite (12) and pathway bowlers (eight). Data were collected using a motion analysis system, dynamometer and a level-two anthropometrist. A regression analysis identified that performance was best explained by increased wrist radial deviation torque and longitudinal axis rotational moments at the shoulder andwrist. From back foot impact (BFI) to ball release (BR), elite bowlers rotated their trunks less, experienced less trunk deceleration resulting in a more front-on position and increased pelvis rotation angular velocity. They also displayed an increased shoulder internal rotation moment as the upper arm movedfrom external into internal rotation and was a major contributor in the subsequent differences observed in the distal segments of the bowling limb. Anthropometric differences were observed at the wrist andfinger joints and may be used to form the basis for talent identification programmes. This study highlights the important contribution to bowling performance of the musculature responsible for producing longaxis rotations of the bowling limb.

AB - Delivering a cricket ball with a wrist-spin (WS) bowling technique is considered one of the game’s most difficult skills. Limited biomechanical information exists for WS bowlers across skill levels. The purpose of this study was to compare biomechanical, isokinetic strength and anthropometric measures betweenelite (12) and pathway bowlers (eight). Data were collected using a motion analysis system, dynamometer and a level-two anthropometrist. A regression analysis identified that performance was best explained by increased wrist radial deviation torque and longitudinal axis rotational moments at the shoulder andwrist. From back foot impact (BFI) to ball release (BR), elite bowlers rotated their trunks less, experienced less trunk deceleration resulting in a more front-on position and increased pelvis rotation angular velocity. They also displayed an increased shoulder internal rotation moment as the upper arm movedfrom external into internal rotation and was a major contributor in the subsequent differences observed in the distal segments of the bowling limb. Anthropometric differences were observed at the wrist andfinger joints and may be used to form the basis for talent identification programmes. This study highlights the important contribution to bowling performance of the musculature responsible for producing longaxis rotations of the bowling limb.

KW - Spin bowling

KW - biomechanics

KW - revolutions

KW - strength

KW - wrist spin

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075432307&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/influence-upperbody-mechanics-anthropometry-isokinetic-strength-performance-wristspin-cricket-bowlin

U2 - 10.1080/02640414.2019.1696265

DO - 10.1080/02640414.2019.1696265

M3 - Article

VL - 38

SP - 280

EP - 287

JO - Journal of Sports Science

JF - Journal of Sports Science

SN - 0264-0414

IS - 3

M1 - 1

ER -