The neuromuscular, endocrine and mood responses to a single versus double training session day in soccer players

W. Sparkes, A. N. Turner, C. J. Cook, M. Weston, M. Russell, M. J. Johnston, L. P. Kilduff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: This study profiled the 24 h neuromuscular, endocrine and mood responses to a single versus a double training day in soccer players. Design: Repeated measures. Methods: Twelve semi-professional soccer players performed small-sided-games (SSG's; 4 vs 4 + goalkeepers; 6 × 7-min, 2-min inter-set recovery) with neuromuscular (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), endocrine (salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood measures collected before (pre) and after (0 h, +24 h). The following week, the same SSG protocol was performed with an additional lower body strength training session (back-squat, Romanian deadlift, barbell hip thrust; 4 × 4 repetitions, 4-min inter-set recovery; 85% 1 rep-max) added at 2 h after the SSG's. Results: Between-trial comparisons revealed possible to likely small impairments in PPO (2.5 ± 2.2 W kg−1; 90% Confidence Limits: ±2.2 W kg−1), JH (−1.3; ±2.0 cm) and mood (4.6; ±6.1 AU) in response to the double versus single sessions at +24 h. Likely to very likely small favourable responses occurred following the single session for testosterone (−15.2; ±6.1 pg ml−1), cortisol (0.072; ±0.034 ug dl−1) and testosterone/cortisol ratio (−96.6; ±36.7 AU) at +24 h compared to the double session trial. Conclusions: These data highlight that performance of two training sessions within a day resulted in possible to very likely small impairments of neuromuscular performance, mood score and endocrine markers at +24 h relative to a single training session day. A strategy of alternating high intensity explosive training days containing multiple sessions with days emphasising submaximal technical/tactical activities may be beneficial for those responsible for the design and delivery of soccer training programs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-74
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes

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Soccer
Hydrocortisone
Testosterone
Resistance Training
Hip
Education

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Sparkes, W., Turner, A. N., Cook, C. J., Weston, M., Russell, M., Johnston, M. J., & Kilduff, L. P. (Accepted/In press). The neuromuscular, endocrine and mood responses to a single versus double training session day in soccer players. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 23(1), 67-74. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2019.08.291
Sparkes, W. ; Turner, A. N. ; Cook, C. J. ; Weston, M. ; Russell, M. ; Johnston, M. J. ; Kilduff, L. P. / The neuromuscular, endocrine and mood responses to a single versus double training session day in soccer players. In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2020 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 67-74.
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The neuromuscular, endocrine and mood responses to a single versus double training session day in soccer players. / Sparkes, W.; Turner, A. N.; Cook, C. J.; Weston, M.; Russell, M.; Johnston, M. J.; Kilduff, L. P.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.2020, p. 67-74.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Sparkes, W.

AU - Turner, A. N.

AU - Cook, C. J.

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AB - Objectives: This study profiled the 24 h neuromuscular, endocrine and mood responses to a single versus a double training day in soccer players. Design: Repeated measures. Methods: Twelve semi-professional soccer players performed small-sided-games (SSG's; 4 vs 4 + goalkeepers; 6 × 7-min, 2-min inter-set recovery) with neuromuscular (peak-power output, PPO; jump height, JH), endocrine (salivary testosterone, cortisol), and mood measures collected before (pre) and after (0 h, +24 h). The following week, the same SSG protocol was performed with an additional lower body strength training session (back-squat, Romanian deadlift, barbell hip thrust; 4 × 4 repetitions, 4-min inter-set recovery; 85% 1 rep-max) added at 2 h after the SSG's. Results: Between-trial comparisons revealed possible to likely small impairments in PPO (2.5 ± 2.2 W kg−1; 90% Confidence Limits: ±2.2 W kg−1), JH (−1.3; ±2.0 cm) and mood (4.6; ±6.1 AU) in response to the double versus single sessions at +24 h. Likely to very likely small favourable responses occurred following the single session for testosterone (−15.2; ±6.1 pg ml−1), cortisol (0.072; ±0.034 ug dl−1) and testosterone/cortisol ratio (−96.6; ±36.7 AU) at +24 h compared to the double session trial. Conclusions: These data highlight that performance of two training sessions within a day resulted in possible to very likely small impairments of neuromuscular performance, mood score and endocrine markers at +24 h relative to a single training session day. A strategy of alternating high intensity explosive training days containing multiple sessions with days emphasising submaximal technical/tactical activities may be beneficial for those responsible for the design and delivery of soccer training programs.

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