Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Various-Sided Games in Elite Women's Soccer

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    Abstract

    PURPOSE: To investigate the physical and physiological response to different formats of various-sided games.

    METHODS: Eighteen elite women's soccer players wore 15-Hz global positioning system devices and heart-rate (HR) monitors during various-sided games (small, 4 vs 4 and 5 vs 5; medium, 6 vs 6 and 7 vs 7; large, 8 vs 8 and 9 vs 9).

    RESULTS: Players covered more relative sprinting distance during large-sided games than in small-sided (P < .001, d = 0.69) and medium-sided (P < .001, d = 0.54) games. In addition, a greater proportion of total acceleration efforts that had a commencement velocity <1 m/s were observed in small-sided games (44.7% ± 5.5%) than in large-sided games (36.7% ± 10.6%) (P = .018, d = 0.94). This was accompanied by a greater proportion of acceleration efforts with a final velocity equivalent to the sprint threshold in large-sided games (15.4% ± 7.7%) than in small-sided games (5.2% ± 2.5%) (P < .001, d = 1.78). The proportion of time spent in HR zone 4 (>85% maximum HR) was greater during small-sided games (69.8% ± 2.5%) than in medium- (62.1% ± 2.8%, d = 2.90) and large-sided games (54.9% ± 3.1%) (P < .001, d = 5.29).

    CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study demonstrate that coaches can use small-sided games as an aerobic conditioning stimulus and to develop players' explosiveness and repeat-sprint ability over short durations. Large-sided games can be used to maintain aerobic capacity and develop maximum speed over longer distances.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)953-958
    Number of pages6
    JournalInternational Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
    Volume11
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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    Soccer
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    Geographic Information Systems
    Equipment and Supplies
    Mentoring

    Cite this

    @article{64dada6908e64d2789bfed0c44952d99,
    title = "Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Various-Sided Games in Elite Women's Soccer",
    abstract = "PURPOSE: To investigate the physical and physiological response to different formats of various-sided games.METHODS: Eighteen elite women's soccer players wore 15-Hz global positioning system devices and heart-rate (HR) monitors during various-sided games (small, 4 vs 4 and 5 vs 5; medium, 6 vs 6 and 7 vs 7; large, 8 vs 8 and 9 vs 9).RESULTS: Players covered more relative sprinting distance during large-sided games than in small-sided (P < .001, d = 0.69) and medium-sided (P < .001, d = 0.54) games. In addition, a greater proportion of total acceleration efforts that had a commencement velocity <1 m/s were observed in small-sided games (44.7{\%} ± 5.5{\%}) than in large-sided games (36.7{\%} ± 10.6{\%}) (P = .018, d = 0.94). This was accompanied by a greater proportion of acceleration efforts with a final velocity equivalent to the sprint threshold in large-sided games (15.4{\%} ± 7.7{\%}) than in small-sided games (5.2{\%} ± 2.5{\%}) (P < .001, d = 1.78). The proportion of time spent in HR zone 4 (>85{\%} maximum HR) was greater during small-sided games (69.8{\%} ± 2.5{\%}) than in medium- (62.1{\%} ± 2.8{\%}, d = 2.90) and large-sided games (54.9{\%} ± 3.1{\%}) (P < .001, d = 5.29).CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study demonstrate that coaches can use small-sided games as an aerobic conditioning stimulus and to develop players' explosiveness and repeat-sprint ability over short durations. Large-sided games can be used to maintain aerobic capacity and develop maximum speed over longer distances.",
    keywords = "Acceleration, Adult, Athletic Performance, Female, Geographic Information Systems, Heart Rate, Humans, Physical Conditioning, Human, Running, Soccer, Time and Motion Studies, Young Adult, Journal Article",
    author = "Mara, {Jocelyn K} and Thompson, {Kevin G} and Pumpa, {Kate L}",
    year = "2016",
    doi = "10.1123/IJSPP.2015-0087",
    language = "English",
    volume = "11",
    pages = "953--958",
    journal = "International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance",
    issn = "1555-0265",
    publisher = "Human Kinetics Publishers Inc.",
    number = "7",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Physical and Physiological Characteristics of Various-Sided Games in Elite Women's Soccer

    AU - Mara, Jocelyn K

    AU - Thompson, Kevin G

    AU - Pumpa, Kate L

    PY - 2016

    Y1 - 2016

    N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate the physical and physiological response to different formats of various-sided games.METHODS: Eighteen elite women's soccer players wore 15-Hz global positioning system devices and heart-rate (HR) monitors during various-sided games (small, 4 vs 4 and 5 vs 5; medium, 6 vs 6 and 7 vs 7; large, 8 vs 8 and 9 vs 9).RESULTS: Players covered more relative sprinting distance during large-sided games than in small-sided (P < .001, d = 0.69) and medium-sided (P < .001, d = 0.54) games. In addition, a greater proportion of total acceleration efforts that had a commencement velocity <1 m/s were observed in small-sided games (44.7% ± 5.5%) than in large-sided games (36.7% ± 10.6%) (P = .018, d = 0.94). This was accompanied by a greater proportion of acceleration efforts with a final velocity equivalent to the sprint threshold in large-sided games (15.4% ± 7.7%) than in small-sided games (5.2% ± 2.5%) (P < .001, d = 1.78). The proportion of time spent in HR zone 4 (>85% maximum HR) was greater during small-sided games (69.8% ± 2.5%) than in medium- (62.1% ± 2.8%, d = 2.90) and large-sided games (54.9% ± 3.1%) (P < .001, d = 5.29).CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study demonstrate that coaches can use small-sided games as an aerobic conditioning stimulus and to develop players' explosiveness and repeat-sprint ability over short durations. Large-sided games can be used to maintain aerobic capacity and develop maximum speed over longer distances.

    AB - PURPOSE: To investigate the physical and physiological response to different formats of various-sided games.METHODS: Eighteen elite women's soccer players wore 15-Hz global positioning system devices and heart-rate (HR) monitors during various-sided games (small, 4 vs 4 and 5 vs 5; medium, 6 vs 6 and 7 vs 7; large, 8 vs 8 and 9 vs 9).RESULTS: Players covered more relative sprinting distance during large-sided games than in small-sided (P < .001, d = 0.69) and medium-sided (P < .001, d = 0.54) games. In addition, a greater proportion of total acceleration efforts that had a commencement velocity <1 m/s were observed in small-sided games (44.7% ± 5.5%) than in large-sided games (36.7% ± 10.6%) (P = .018, d = 0.94). This was accompanied by a greater proportion of acceleration efforts with a final velocity equivalent to the sprint threshold in large-sided games (15.4% ± 7.7%) than in small-sided games (5.2% ± 2.5%) (P < .001, d = 1.78). The proportion of time spent in HR zone 4 (>85% maximum HR) was greater during small-sided games (69.8% ± 2.5%) than in medium- (62.1% ± 2.8%, d = 2.90) and large-sided games (54.9% ± 3.1%) (P < .001, d = 5.29).CONCLUSIONS: The results from this study demonstrate that coaches can use small-sided games as an aerobic conditioning stimulus and to develop players' explosiveness and repeat-sprint ability over short durations. Large-sided games can be used to maintain aerobic capacity and develop maximum speed over longer distances.

    KW - Acceleration

    KW - Adult

    KW - Athletic Performance

    KW - Female

    KW - Geographic Information Systems

    KW - Heart Rate

    KW - Humans

    KW - Physical Conditioning, Human

    KW - Running

    KW - Soccer

    KW - Time and Motion Studies

    KW - Young Adult

    KW - Journal Article

    U2 - 10.1123/IJSPP.2015-0087

    DO - 10.1123/IJSPP.2015-0087

    M3 - Article

    VL - 11

    SP - 953

    EP - 958

    JO - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

    JF - International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

    SN - 1555-0265

    IS - 7

    ER -