The relationship between residential proximity to extremely low frequency power transmission lines and adverse birth outcomes

Nathalie Auger, Dominique Joseph, Marc Goneau, Mark DANIEL

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)
2 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields has been linked to adverse birth outcomes. This study evaluated whether maternal residential proximity to power transmission lines was associated with adverse birth outcomes.

Methods Live singleton births in the Montréal and Québec census metropolitan areas from 1990 to 2004 were extracted from the Québec birth file (N=707 215). Proximity was defined as residing within 400 m of a transmission line. Generalised estimating equations were used to evaluate associations between residential proximity to transmission lines and preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth and infant sex, accounting for maternal age, education, marital status, ethnicity, parity, period of birth, and neighbourhood median household income.

Results There was no association between residential proximity to transmission lines and PTB, LBW and infant sex in unadjusted and adjusted models. A lower likelihood of SGA birth was present for some distance categories (eg, adjusted OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.95 for 50–75 m relative to ≥400 m).

Conclusion Residential proximity to transmission lines is not associated with adverse births outcomes
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-85
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Epidemiology Community Health
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Parturition
Premature Birth
Low Birth Weight Infant
Small for Gestational Age Infant
Electromagnetic Fields
Maternal Age
Marital Status
Live Birth
Censuses
Occupational Exposure
Parity
Gestational Age
Mothers
Education

Cite this

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title = "The relationship between residential proximity to extremely low frequency power transmission lines and adverse birth outcomes",
abstract = "Background Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields has been linked to adverse birth outcomes. This study evaluated whether maternal residential proximity to power transmission lines was associated with adverse birth outcomes.Methods Live singleton births in the Montr{\'e}al and Qu{\'e}bec census metropolitan areas from 1990 to 2004 were extracted from the Qu{\'e}bec birth file (N=707 215). Proximity was defined as residing within 400 m of a transmission line. Generalised estimating equations were used to evaluate associations between residential proximity to transmission lines and preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth and infant sex, accounting for maternal age, education, marital status, ethnicity, parity, period of birth, and neighbourhood median household income.Results There was no association between residential proximity to transmission lines and PTB, LBW and infant sex in unadjusted and adjusted models. A lower likelihood of SGA birth was present for some distance categories (eg, adjusted OR 0.88, 95{\%} CI 0.81 to 0.95 for 50–75 m relative to ≥400 m).Conclusion Residential proximity to transmission lines is not associated with adverse births outcomes",
author = "Nathalie Auger and Dominique Joseph and Marc Goneau and Mark DANIEL",
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doi = "10.1136/jech.2009.097709",
language = "English",
volume = "65",
pages = "83--85",
journal = "Journal of Epidemiology Community Health",
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The relationship between residential proximity to extremely low frequency power transmission lines and adverse birth outcomes. / Auger, Nathalie; Joseph, Dominique; Goneau, Marc; DANIEL, Mark.

In: Journal of Epidemiology Community Health, Vol. 65, No. 1, 2011, p. 83-85.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship between residential proximity to extremely low frequency power transmission lines and adverse birth outcomes

AU - Auger, Nathalie

AU - Joseph, Dominique

AU - Goneau, Marc

AU - DANIEL, Mark

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Background Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields has been linked to adverse birth outcomes. This study evaluated whether maternal residential proximity to power transmission lines was associated with adverse birth outcomes.Methods Live singleton births in the Montréal and Québec census metropolitan areas from 1990 to 2004 were extracted from the Québec birth file (N=707 215). Proximity was defined as residing within 400 m of a transmission line. Generalised estimating equations were used to evaluate associations between residential proximity to transmission lines and preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth and infant sex, accounting for maternal age, education, marital status, ethnicity, parity, period of birth, and neighbourhood median household income.Results There was no association between residential proximity to transmission lines and PTB, LBW and infant sex in unadjusted and adjusted models. A lower likelihood of SGA birth was present for some distance categories (eg, adjusted OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.95 for 50–75 m relative to ≥400 m).Conclusion Residential proximity to transmission lines is not associated with adverse births outcomes

AB - Background Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields has been linked to adverse birth outcomes. This study evaluated whether maternal residential proximity to power transmission lines was associated with adverse birth outcomes.Methods Live singleton births in the Montréal and Québec census metropolitan areas from 1990 to 2004 were extracted from the Québec birth file (N=707 215). Proximity was defined as residing within 400 m of a transmission line. Generalised estimating equations were used to evaluate associations between residential proximity to transmission lines and preterm birth (PTB), low birth weight (LBW), small-for-gestational age (SGA) birth and infant sex, accounting for maternal age, education, marital status, ethnicity, parity, period of birth, and neighbourhood median household income.Results There was no association between residential proximity to transmission lines and PTB, LBW and infant sex in unadjusted and adjusted models. A lower likelihood of SGA birth was present for some distance categories (eg, adjusted OR 0.88, 95% CI 0.81 to 0.95 for 50–75 m relative to ≥400 m).Conclusion Residential proximity to transmission lines is not associated with adverse births outcomes

U2 - 10.1136/jech.2009.097709

DO - 10.1136/jech.2009.097709

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SP - 83

EP - 85

JO - Journal of Epidemiology Community Health

JF - Journal of Epidemiology Community Health

SN - 0143-005X

IS - 1

ER -