The relationship between talent identification testing parameters and performance in elite junior swimmers

Lachlan J G Mitchell, Ben Rattray, Philo U Saunders, David B Pyne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: In elite age-group swimming it is unclear to what degree common assessments of anthropometric, jump performance and front-crawl critical speed (CS) correlate with competition performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional field study. METHODS: Forty eight elite national-level junior swimmers (22 males, age 16.5±1.2 y, 26 females, age 15.5±1.1 y; mean±SD) completed anthropometry tests, loaded and unloaded countermovement jumps and a series of front-crawl time-trials to determine CS and supra-CS distance capacity (D'). Years from peak height velocity (PHV) predicted from anthropometric data was used as a maturity indicator. Race performances within 3 months of testing were standardised to compare across distances and strokes. Multiple linear regression models were formulated using these data. RESULTS: Loaded jump height, mass, D', PHV and humerus breadth best predicted 100m performance in males (R2Adj=0.88, p<0.001), while loaded jump height, chest depth and sitting height predicted female 100m performances (R2Adj=0.74, p=0.002). Loaded and unloaded jump height, mass, CS and PHV (R2Adj=0.73, p=0.003) and CS and chest depth (R2Adj=0.33, p=0.03) predicted 200m performance in males and females respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Common assessments of power and aerobic capacity in elite junior swimmers explain more variance in competition performance for male than female swimmers, as well as for 100m rather than 200m events. These findings highlight the need to empirically assess testing regimens and suggest new tests in this population may be required.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1281-1285
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume21
Issue number12
Early online date24 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

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Aptitude
Linear Models
Thorax
Anthropometry
Humerus
Age Groups
Cross-Sectional Studies
Stroke
Identification (Psychology)
Population

Cite this

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title = "The relationship between talent identification testing parameters and performance in elite junior swimmers",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: In elite age-group swimming it is unclear to what degree common assessments of anthropometric, jump performance and front-crawl critical speed (CS) correlate with competition performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional field study. METHODS: Forty eight elite national-level junior swimmers (22 males, age 16.5±1.2 y, 26 females, age 15.5±1.1 y; mean±SD) completed anthropometry tests, loaded and unloaded countermovement jumps and a series of front-crawl time-trials to determine CS and supra-CS distance capacity (D'). Years from peak height velocity (PHV) predicted from anthropometric data was used as a maturity indicator. Race performances within 3 months of testing were standardised to compare across distances and strokes. Multiple linear regression models were formulated using these data. RESULTS: Loaded jump height, mass, D', PHV and humerus breadth best predicted 100m performance in males (R2Adj=0.88, p<0.001), while loaded jump height, chest depth and sitting height predicted female 100m performances (R2Adj=0.74, p=0.002). Loaded and unloaded jump height, mass, CS and PHV (R2Adj=0.73, p=0.003) and CS and chest depth (R2Adj=0.33, p=0.03) predicted 200m performance in males and females respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Common assessments of power and aerobic capacity in elite junior swimmers explain more variance in competition performance for male than female swimmers, as well as for 100m rather than 200m events. These findings highlight the need to empirically assess testing regimens and suggest new tests in this population may be required.",
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The relationship between talent identification testing parameters and performance in elite junior swimmers. / Mitchell, Lachlan J G; Rattray, Ben; Saunders, Philo U; Pyne, David B.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 21, No. 12, 12.2018, p. 1281-1285.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship between talent identification testing parameters and performance in elite junior swimmers

AU - Mitchell, Lachlan J G

AU - Rattray, Ben

AU - Saunders, Philo U

AU - Pyne, David B

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Sports Medicine Australia. All rights reserved.

PY - 2018/12

Y1 - 2018/12

N2 - OBJECTIVES: In elite age-group swimming it is unclear to what degree common assessments of anthropometric, jump performance and front-crawl critical speed (CS) correlate with competition performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional field study. METHODS: Forty eight elite national-level junior swimmers (22 males, age 16.5±1.2 y, 26 females, age 15.5±1.1 y; mean±SD) completed anthropometry tests, loaded and unloaded countermovement jumps and a series of front-crawl time-trials to determine CS and supra-CS distance capacity (D'). Years from peak height velocity (PHV) predicted from anthropometric data was used as a maturity indicator. Race performances within 3 months of testing were standardised to compare across distances and strokes. Multiple linear regression models were formulated using these data. RESULTS: Loaded jump height, mass, D', PHV and humerus breadth best predicted 100m performance in males (R2Adj=0.88, p<0.001), while loaded jump height, chest depth and sitting height predicted female 100m performances (R2Adj=0.74, p=0.002). Loaded and unloaded jump height, mass, CS and PHV (R2Adj=0.73, p=0.003) and CS and chest depth (R2Adj=0.33, p=0.03) predicted 200m performance in males and females respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Common assessments of power and aerobic capacity in elite junior swimmers explain more variance in competition performance for male than female swimmers, as well as for 100m rather than 200m events. These findings highlight the need to empirically assess testing regimens and suggest new tests in this population may be required.

AB - OBJECTIVES: In elite age-group swimming it is unclear to what degree common assessments of anthropometric, jump performance and front-crawl critical speed (CS) correlate with competition performance. DESIGN: Cross-sectional field study. METHODS: Forty eight elite national-level junior swimmers (22 males, age 16.5±1.2 y, 26 females, age 15.5±1.1 y; mean±SD) completed anthropometry tests, loaded and unloaded countermovement jumps and a series of front-crawl time-trials to determine CS and supra-CS distance capacity (D'). Years from peak height velocity (PHV) predicted from anthropometric data was used as a maturity indicator. Race performances within 3 months of testing were standardised to compare across distances and strokes. Multiple linear regression models were formulated using these data. RESULTS: Loaded jump height, mass, D', PHV and humerus breadth best predicted 100m performance in males (R2Adj=0.88, p<0.001), while loaded jump height, chest depth and sitting height predicted female 100m performances (R2Adj=0.74, p=0.002). Loaded and unloaded jump height, mass, CS and PHV (R2Adj=0.73, p=0.003) and CS and chest depth (R2Adj=0.33, p=0.03) predicted 200m performance in males and females respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Common assessments of power and aerobic capacity in elite junior swimmers explain more variance in competition performance for male than female swimmers, as well as for 100m rather than 200m events. These findings highlight the need to empirically assess testing regimens and suggest new tests in this population may be required.

KW - adolescent athlete

KW - growth

KW - puberty

KW - anaerobic capacity

KW - event specialisation

U2 - 10.1016/j.jsams.2018.05.006

DO - 10.1016/j.jsams.2018.05.006

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 1281

EP - 1285

JO - Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

JF - Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport

SN - 1440-2440

IS - 12

ER -