The response of leukocyte subsets and plasma hormones to interval exercise

A. Bon Gray, Richard D. Telford, Mark Collins, Maurice J. Weidemann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aerobic exercise has an established role in modulation of peripheral leukocyte concentrations. However, the effects of intense interval exercise, as employed by athletes in a range of sports, has been given little attention. Eight trained male athletes of mean age (SD) = 31.5 (4.5) yr; VO2max = 64.3 (3.8) ml-kg-1-min-1 undertook an intense interval exercise protocol (treadmill running) to exhaustion. Subjects completed an average of 15.6 1-min efforts. The protocol produced a biphasic leukocytosis: an initial (immediately posttest) leukocytosis resulting from mobilization of lymphocytes (CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD16+/56+, CD3+HLA/DR+) (all P < 0.01), with the later (6 h) leukocytosis resulting from mobilization of gran-ulocytes and monocytes (both P < 0.01). This protocol modified significantly the peripheral blood concentration of the hormones cortisol (both total and free), norepinephrine, DHPG, and dopamine (all P < 0.01). Modulation of peripheral leukocyte subsets induced by interval exercise correlated with both the number of exercise efforts performed and the concomitant changes in peripheral hormone concentrations. Sustained alterations in plasma catecholamine levels in the posttest period may have important metabolic and immunological implications for athletes undertaking regular interval training.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1252-1258
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume25
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1993
Externally publishedYes

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