The site of Leki Wakik, Manatuto District, Timor‑Leste

Jack Fenner, Mirani Litster, Tim Maloney, Tse Siang Lim, Stuart Hawkins, Prue Gaffey, Sally Brockwell, Andrew McWilliam, Sandra Pannell, Richard Willan, Sue O'Connor

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Leki Wakik is a large hilltop site with several large stone walls and circular stone arrangements located within the Manatuto district in the central region of Timor-Leste. It is similar to other hilltop sites in the area whose function and occupation time frame have been subject to debate (e.g. Lape and Chao 2008; O’Connor et al. 2012). In August 2011, a team from The Australian National University (ANU) supported by Timorese workers mapped the site and excavated five test pits intended to assess site use and occupation time frame. A substantial artefact assemblage was recovered that includes lithics, earthenware pottery, ceramics and faunal remains, which provides evidence of the use of the site and the surrounding landscape and, particularly, whether unusual circular stone arrangements demarcate special activity or occupation areas. A series of radiocarbon dates from an unusual area surrounded on three sides by large stone walls provide chronological context for the site.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationForts and Fortification in Wallacea: Archaeological and Ethnohistoric Investigations
EditorsSue O’Connor, Andrew McWilliam, Sally Brockwell
Place of PublicationAustralia
PublisherANU E Press
Number of pages35
ISBN (Electronic)9781760463892
ISBN (Print)9781760463885
Publication statusPublished - 7 Sept 2020

Publication series

NameTerra Australis
PublisherANU Press


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