The Subalterns and Unknowns of Democracy

Research output: A Conference proceeding or a Chapter in BookChapterpeer-review


Two bodies of literature on democracy are described in this chapter. The first concerns anthropocentric works that claim wider and different origins for democracy. The history of democracy is more complex than we currently think it is. The second body of literature described concerns nonhuman democracy. The chapter offers a table that surveys mammals, birds, fish, insects, slime-moulds and bacteria. Biologists argue that these different species have specific democratic practices. The chapter describes that physicists and mathematicians use the terms ‘democracy’ and ‘democratic’ in their works. It asks whether democracy or democratic things had a role to play in the origins of life.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEvolutionary Basic Democracy
Place of PublicationUnited Kingdom
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages19
ISBN (Print)9781137338662
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameTheories, Concepts and Practices of Democracy
ISSN (Print)2947-4469
ISSN (Electronic)2947-4477


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