The teaching and learning of health advocacy in an Australian medical school

Donna Mak, Arabelle Douglas, Caroline Bulsara, David Macey, Indira SAMARAWICKREMA

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives
To determine if medical graduates from an Australian university are educated and skilled in health advocacy for their future practice with patients and the wider community.

Methods
The authors used an exploratory mixed methodology starting with curriculum mapping of the medical curriculum, followed by key informant interviews with the University of Notre Dame, School of Medicine academics (n = 6) and alumni (n = 5) on teaching/learning and practice of health advocacy. The final stage consisted of a cross-sectional survey on teaching/learning health advocacy among third and fourth (final) year medical students (N = 195).

Results
The medical curriculum contained no explicit learning objectives on health advocacy. Key informant interviews demonstrated an appreciation of health advocacy and its importance in the medical curriculum but a deficit in explicit and practical ‘hands-on’ teaching. Survey response rate was 47% (n = 92). A majority of students (76%, n = 70) had heard of health advocacy, with this being more likely among third (92%, n = 33) compared with fourth-year students (67%, n = 37) (Fisher’s Exact Test χ2 (2, N = 91) = 7.311, p = 0.02). Students reported having opportunities to observe (76%, n = 70) and practise health advocacy (50%, n = 46) in the curriculum.

Conclusions
Students and medical graduates demonstrated sound recognition of the term health advocacy. Deficits identified in the curriculum include lack of explicit learning objectives and “hands-on” learning opportunities in health advocacy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-34
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Medical Education
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2018

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Medical Schools
Teaching
Learning
Curriculum
Health
Students
Interviews
Medical Students
Cross-Sectional Studies
Medicine

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Donna Mak ; Arabelle Douglas ; Caroline Bulsara ; David Macey ; SAMARAWICKREMA, Indira. / The teaching and learning of health advocacy in an Australian medical school. In: International Journal of Medical Education. 2018 ; Vol. 9. pp. 26-34.
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The teaching and learning of health advocacy in an Australian medical school. / Donna Mak; Arabelle Douglas; Caroline Bulsara; David Macey ; SAMARAWICKREMA, Indira.

In: International Journal of Medical Education, Vol. 9, 31.01.2018, p. 26-34.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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