The use of components’ weights improves the diagnostic accuracy of a health-related index

Fragkiskos G. Bersimis, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Malvina Vamvakari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This work aims to evaluate whether the use of specific weights in each component of a health-related index, is associated with its diagnostic accuracy. In addition, the impact of a composite health-related index's components multitude is examined in relation to its classification ability. An un-weighted and various weighted indices were constructed using different weighting methods. The indices’ diagnostic ability was evaluated by using true positive rate, true negative rate, true rate, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve. Weights used in this study were obtained from linear discriminant analysis and binary logistic regression. These indices were applied in both simulated and actual data; and a variety of scenarios was applied based on the distribution's parameters of the component variables and on the number of components used. Results indicate that weighted indices’ evaluation measures were significantly higher compared to the un-weighted one; whereas area under receiver operating characteristic curve was positively associated with the number of components of each index that were correlated with the outcome. Weighting of index's components, as well as greater number of components related to the investigated outcome should be recommended for the construction of accurate indices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-164
Number of pages24
JournalCommunications in Statistics - Theory and Methods
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2 Jan 2019
Externally publishedYes


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