The World Bank online: Inclusion and exclusion through digital networks

Adrian Bazbauers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The World Bank has increasingly adopted the Internet as a tool to support its development assistance activities. The rhetoric has been clear in announcing that digital networks will empower a greater range of actors, democratising development. However, the potential of online engagement is contingent upon the presence of and the ability to use such technology. As such, in adopting a techno-development paradigm, the World Bank has contributed to reinforcing new hierarchies of inclusion and exclusion between those who have access to the Internet and those who do not.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-343
Number of pages14
JournalCanadian Journal of Development Studies
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2015


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