Thermal comfort analysis of earth-sheltered buildings: The case of meymand village, Iran

Amirreza Khaksar, Amir Tabadkani, Majid Mofidi, Aso Hajirasouli, Saeed Banihashemi, Shady Attia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
58 Downloads (Pure)


Vernacular buildings are known for their localized passive settings to provide comfortable indoor environment without air conditioning systems. One alternative is the consistent ground temperature over the year that earth-sheltered envelopes take the benefit; however, ensuring annual indoor comfort might be challenging. Thus, this research monitors the indoor thermal indicators of 22 earth-sheltered buildings in Meymand, Iran with a warm-dry climate. Furthermore, the observations are used to validate the simulation results through two outdoor and indoor environmental parameters, air temperature and relative humidity during the hottest period of the year. Findings indicated that the main thermal comfort differences among case studies were mainly due to their architectural layouts where the associated variables including length, width, height, orientation, window-to-wall ratio, and shading depth were optimized through a linkage between Ladybug-tools and Genetic Algorithm (GA) concerning adaptive thermal comfort model definition and could enhance the annual thermal comfort by 31%.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1214-1238
Number of pages25
JournalFrontiers of Architectural Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


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