Thermal, physiological and perceptual strain mediate alterations in match-play tennis under heat stress

Julien D. Périard, Sébastien Racinais, Wade L. Knez, Christopher P. Herrera, Ryan J. Christian, Olivier Girard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives This study compared the thermal, physiological and perceptual responses associated with match-play tennis in HOT (∼34°C wet-bulb-globe temperature (WBGT)) and COOL (∼19°C WBGT) conditions, along with the accompanying alterations in match characteristics. Methods 12 male tennis players undertook two matches for an effective playing time (ie, ball in play) of 20 min, corresponding to ∼119 and ∼102 min of play in HOT and COOL conditions, respectively. Rectal and skin temperatures, heart rate, subjective ratings of thermal comfort, thermal sensation and perceived exertion were recorded, along with match characteristics. Results End-match rectal temperature increased to a greater extent in the HOT (∼39.4°C) compared with the COOL (∼38.7°C) condition ( p<0.05). Thigh skin temperature was higher throughout the HOT match (p<0.001). Heart rate, thermal comfort, thermal sensation and perceived exertion were also higher during the HOT match ( p<0.001). Total playing time was longer in the HOT compared with the COOL match ( p<0.05). Point duration (∼7.1 s) was similar between conditions, while the time between points was ∼10 s longer in the HOT relative to the COOL match ( p<0.05). This led to a ∼3.4% lower effective playing percentage in the heat ( p<0.05). Although several thermal, physiological and perceptual variables were individually correlated to the adjustments in time between points and effective playing percentage, thermal sensation was the only predictor variable associated with both adjustments (p<0.005). Conclusions These adjustments in match-play tennis characteristics under severe heat stress appear to represent a behavioural strategy adopted to minimise or offset the sensation of environmental conditions being rated as difficult.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-38
JournalBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume48
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Tennis
Hot Temperature
Social Adjustment
Skin Temperature
Temperature
Heart Rate
Thigh

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Périard, Julien D. ; Racinais, Sébastien ; Knez, Wade L. ; Herrera, Christopher P. ; Christian, Ryan J. ; Girard, Olivier. / Thermal, physiological and perceptual strain mediate alterations in match-play tennis under heat stress. In: British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2014 ; Vol. 48, No. SUPPL. 1. pp. 32-38.
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abstract = "Objectives This study compared the thermal, physiological and perceptual responses associated with match-play tennis in HOT (∼34°C wet-bulb-globe temperature (WBGT)) and COOL (∼19°C WBGT) conditions, along with the accompanying alterations in match characteristics. Methods 12 male tennis players undertook two matches for an effective playing time (ie, ball in play) of 20 min, corresponding to ∼119 and ∼102 min of play in HOT and COOL conditions, respectively. Rectal and skin temperatures, heart rate, subjective ratings of thermal comfort, thermal sensation and perceived exertion were recorded, along with match characteristics. Results End-match rectal temperature increased to a greater extent in the HOT (∼39.4°C) compared with the COOL (∼38.7°C) condition ( p<0.05). Thigh skin temperature was higher throughout the HOT match (p<0.001). Heart rate, thermal comfort, thermal sensation and perceived exertion were also higher during the HOT match ( p<0.001). Total playing time was longer in the HOT compared with the COOL match ( p<0.05). Point duration (∼7.1 s) was similar between conditions, while the time between points was ∼10 s longer in the HOT relative to the COOL match ( p<0.05). This led to a ∼3.4{\%} lower effective playing percentage in the heat ( p<0.05). Although several thermal, physiological and perceptual variables were individually correlated to the adjustments in time between points and effective playing percentage, thermal sensation was the only predictor variable associated with both adjustments (p<0.005). Conclusions These adjustments in match-play tennis characteristics under severe heat stress appear to represent a behavioural strategy adopted to minimise or offset the sensation of environmental conditions being rated as difficult.",
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Thermal, physiological and perceptual strain mediate alterations in match-play tennis under heat stress. / Périard, Julien D.; Racinais, Sébastien; Knez, Wade L.; Herrera, Christopher P.; Christian, Ryan J.; Girard, Olivier.

In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 48, No. SUPPL. 1, 2014, p. 32-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Thermal, physiological and perceptual strain mediate alterations in match-play tennis under heat stress

AU - Périard, Julien D.

AU - Racinais, Sébastien

AU - Knez, Wade L.

AU - Herrera, Christopher P.

AU - Christian, Ryan J.

AU - Girard, Olivier

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Objectives This study compared the thermal, physiological and perceptual responses associated with match-play tennis in HOT (∼34°C wet-bulb-globe temperature (WBGT)) and COOL (∼19°C WBGT) conditions, along with the accompanying alterations in match characteristics. Methods 12 male tennis players undertook two matches for an effective playing time (ie, ball in play) of 20 min, corresponding to ∼119 and ∼102 min of play in HOT and COOL conditions, respectively. Rectal and skin temperatures, heart rate, subjective ratings of thermal comfort, thermal sensation and perceived exertion were recorded, along with match characteristics. Results End-match rectal temperature increased to a greater extent in the HOT (∼39.4°C) compared with the COOL (∼38.7°C) condition ( p<0.05). Thigh skin temperature was higher throughout the HOT match (p<0.001). Heart rate, thermal comfort, thermal sensation and perceived exertion were also higher during the HOT match ( p<0.001). Total playing time was longer in the HOT compared with the COOL match ( p<0.05). Point duration (∼7.1 s) was similar between conditions, while the time between points was ∼10 s longer in the HOT relative to the COOL match ( p<0.05). This led to a ∼3.4% lower effective playing percentage in the heat ( p<0.05). Although several thermal, physiological and perceptual variables were individually correlated to the adjustments in time between points and effective playing percentage, thermal sensation was the only predictor variable associated with both adjustments (p<0.005). Conclusions These adjustments in match-play tennis characteristics under severe heat stress appear to represent a behavioural strategy adopted to minimise or offset the sensation of environmental conditions being rated as difficult.

AB - Objectives This study compared the thermal, physiological and perceptual responses associated with match-play tennis in HOT (∼34°C wet-bulb-globe temperature (WBGT)) and COOL (∼19°C WBGT) conditions, along with the accompanying alterations in match characteristics. Methods 12 male tennis players undertook two matches for an effective playing time (ie, ball in play) of 20 min, corresponding to ∼119 and ∼102 min of play in HOT and COOL conditions, respectively. Rectal and skin temperatures, heart rate, subjective ratings of thermal comfort, thermal sensation and perceived exertion were recorded, along with match characteristics. Results End-match rectal temperature increased to a greater extent in the HOT (∼39.4°C) compared with the COOL (∼38.7°C) condition ( p<0.05). Thigh skin temperature was higher throughout the HOT match (p<0.001). Heart rate, thermal comfort, thermal sensation and perceived exertion were also higher during the HOT match ( p<0.001). Total playing time was longer in the HOT compared with the COOL match ( p<0.05). Point duration (∼7.1 s) was similar between conditions, while the time between points was ∼10 s longer in the HOT relative to the COOL match ( p<0.05). This led to a ∼3.4% lower effective playing percentage in the heat ( p<0.05). Although several thermal, physiological and perceptual variables were individually correlated to the adjustments in time between points and effective playing percentage, thermal sensation was the only predictor variable associated with both adjustments (p<0.005). Conclusions These adjustments in match-play tennis characteristics under severe heat stress appear to represent a behavioural strategy adopted to minimise or offset the sensation of environmental conditions being rated as difficult.

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JO - British Journal of Sports Medicine

JF - British Journal of Sports Medicine

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