Translational control in germ cell development: A role for the RNA-binding proteins Musashi-1 and Musashi-2

Kara M. Gunter, Eileen A. McLaughlin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mammalian gametogenesis is a complex process involving specialised cell cycle progression and differentiation. As part of their differentiation, germ cells experience periods of transcriptional inactivation and chromatin inaccessibility whilst continuing to coordinate the correct temporal and spatial expression of genes required for continued development. To overcome these obstacles, mammalian germ cells express a wide variety of sequence-specific RNA-binding proteins, which assist in the translational control of many mRNA transcripts which are produced and stored during periods of high mRNA synthesis. In this review we focus on the Musashi family of RNA-binding proteins, a highly conserved family of translational regulatory proteins whose recent identification in germ cells of Drosophila and Xenopus, as well as their well described role in processes such as cell cycle progression and stem cell identity, has led us to investigate the role of these proteins in mammalian germ cell development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)678-685
Number of pages8
JournalIUBMB Life
Volume63
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011
Externally publishedYes

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