Twelve weeks of soccer-specific training: effects on mucosal immunity, salivary alpha-amylase and body composition in male African youths

Dorota Starzak, Kristen Konko, Andrew MCKUNE

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    2 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to determine the levels of salivary secretory IgA (sIgA) and salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) in young, black male soccer players, before and after 12 weeks of soccer-specific training. Methods: Thirty-four children (11–13 years) who were part of a youth soccer development training academy, participated in the study. The participants underwent 12 weeks of soccer-specific training. Resting saliva samples were collected 48 h before the commencement, and 48 h after the completion, of the training program. Samples were taken between 07:30 and 08:30, 90 min after waking. Body fat percentage (BF %), lean body mass (LBM) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also measured. Results: Significant differences were found between pre- and post-training for body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.05), waist-to-hip ratio (P < 0.05), height (P < 0.0001), BF % (P < 0.0001) and LBM (P < 0.0001). sIgA secretion rate increased significantly from pre- to post-training (P < 0.05) however, no significant differences were found in sAA concentration (P > 0.05), sAA secretion rate (P > 0.05) or sIgA concentration (P > 0.05). The magnitude of differences from pre- to post-training applying Cohen’s d effect sizes (ES) were moderate (>0.5) for estimated VO 2max , sAA, sAA secretion rate, sIgA and sIgA secretion rate. Conclusion: These findings suggest that, 12 weeks of soccer-specific training enhances mucosal immunity and body composition and may have an effect on the sympathetic nervous system in black, male youths.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)269-276
    Number of pages8
    JournalSport Sciences for Health
    Volume12
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

    Fingerprint

    Salivary alpha-Amylases
    Mucosal Immunity
    Soccer
    Secretory Immunoglobulin A
    Body Composition
    Sympathetic Nervous System
    Saliva
    Adipose Tissue
    Body Mass Index
    Education

    Cite this

    @article{8e7e55a4be7b4accadd7dd26f83b3a04,
    title = "Twelve weeks of soccer-specific training: effects on mucosal immunity, salivary alpha-amylase and body composition in male African youths",
    abstract = "Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to determine the levels of salivary secretory IgA (sIgA) and salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) in young, black male soccer players, before and after 12 weeks of soccer-specific training. Methods: Thirty-four children (11–13 years) who were part of a youth soccer development training academy, participated in the study. The participants underwent 12 weeks of soccer-specific training. Resting saliva samples were collected 48 h before the commencement, and 48 h after the completion, of the training program. Samples were taken between 07:30 and 08:30, 90 min after waking. Body fat percentage (BF {\%}), lean body mass (LBM) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also measured. Results: Significant differences were found between pre- and post-training for body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.05), waist-to-hip ratio (P < 0.05), height (P < 0.0001), BF {\%} (P < 0.0001) and LBM (P < 0.0001). sIgA secretion rate increased significantly from pre- to post-training (P < 0.05) however, no significant differences were found in sAA concentration (P > 0.05), sAA secretion rate (P > 0.05) or sIgA concentration (P > 0.05). The magnitude of differences from pre- to post-training applying Cohen’s d effect sizes (ES) were moderate (>0.5) for estimated VO 2max , sAA, sAA secretion rate, sIgA and sIgA secretion rate. Conclusion: These findings suggest that, 12 weeks of soccer-specific training enhances mucosal immunity and body composition and may have an effect on the sympathetic nervous system in black, male youths.",
    keywords = "Physical activity Soccer Mucosal immunity Neuro-endocrine Children Salivary biomarkers, Mucosal immunity, Physical activity, Soccer, Neuro-endocrine, Salivary biomarkers, Children",
    author = "Dorota Starzak and Kristen Konko and Andrew MCKUNE",
    year = "2016",
    month = "8",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1007/s11332-016-0263-3",
    language = "English",
    volume = "12",
    pages = "269--276",
    journal = "Sport Sciences for Health",
    issn = "1824-7490",
    publisher = "Springer",
    number = "2",

    }

    Twelve weeks of soccer-specific training: effects on mucosal immunity, salivary alpha-amylase and body composition in male African youths. / Starzak, Dorota; Konko, Kristen; MCKUNE, Andrew.

    In: Sport Sciences for Health, Vol. 12, No. 2, 01.08.2016, p. 269-276.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Twelve weeks of soccer-specific training: effects on mucosal immunity, salivary alpha-amylase and body composition in male African youths

    AU - Starzak, Dorota

    AU - Konko, Kristen

    AU - MCKUNE, Andrew

    PY - 2016/8/1

    Y1 - 2016/8/1

    N2 - Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to determine the levels of salivary secretory IgA (sIgA) and salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) in young, black male soccer players, before and after 12 weeks of soccer-specific training. Methods: Thirty-four children (11–13 years) who were part of a youth soccer development training academy, participated in the study. The participants underwent 12 weeks of soccer-specific training. Resting saliva samples were collected 48 h before the commencement, and 48 h after the completion, of the training program. Samples were taken between 07:30 and 08:30, 90 min after waking. Body fat percentage (BF %), lean body mass (LBM) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also measured. Results: Significant differences were found between pre- and post-training for body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.05), waist-to-hip ratio (P < 0.05), height (P < 0.0001), BF % (P < 0.0001) and LBM (P < 0.0001). sIgA secretion rate increased significantly from pre- to post-training (P < 0.05) however, no significant differences were found in sAA concentration (P > 0.05), sAA secretion rate (P > 0.05) or sIgA concentration (P > 0.05). The magnitude of differences from pre- to post-training applying Cohen’s d effect sizes (ES) were moderate (>0.5) for estimated VO 2max , sAA, sAA secretion rate, sIgA and sIgA secretion rate. Conclusion: These findings suggest that, 12 weeks of soccer-specific training enhances mucosal immunity and body composition and may have an effect on the sympathetic nervous system in black, male youths.

    AB - Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to determine the levels of salivary secretory IgA (sIgA) and salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) in young, black male soccer players, before and after 12 weeks of soccer-specific training. Methods: Thirty-four children (11–13 years) who were part of a youth soccer development training academy, participated in the study. The participants underwent 12 weeks of soccer-specific training. Resting saliva samples were collected 48 h before the commencement, and 48 h after the completion, of the training program. Samples were taken between 07:30 and 08:30, 90 min after waking. Body fat percentage (BF %), lean body mass (LBM) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) were also measured. Results: Significant differences were found between pre- and post-training for body mass index (BMI) (P < 0.05), waist-to-hip ratio (P < 0.05), height (P < 0.0001), BF % (P < 0.0001) and LBM (P < 0.0001). sIgA secretion rate increased significantly from pre- to post-training (P < 0.05) however, no significant differences were found in sAA concentration (P > 0.05), sAA secretion rate (P > 0.05) or sIgA concentration (P > 0.05). The magnitude of differences from pre- to post-training applying Cohen’s d effect sizes (ES) were moderate (>0.5) for estimated VO 2max , sAA, sAA secretion rate, sIgA and sIgA secretion rate. Conclusion: These findings suggest that, 12 weeks of soccer-specific training enhances mucosal immunity and body composition and may have an effect on the sympathetic nervous system in black, male youths.

    KW - Physical activity Soccer Mucosal immunity Neuro-endocrine Children Salivary biomarkers

    KW - Mucosal immunity

    KW - Physical activity

    KW - Soccer

    KW - Neuro-endocrine

    KW - Salivary biomarkers

    KW - Children

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84959111824&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.mendeley.com/research/twelve-weeks-soccerspecific-training-effects-mucosal-immunity-salivary-alphaamylase-body-composition

    U2 - 10.1007/s11332-016-0263-3

    DO - 10.1007/s11332-016-0263-3

    M3 - Article

    VL - 12

    SP - 269

    EP - 276

    JO - Sport Sciences for Health

    JF - Sport Sciences for Health

    SN - 1824-7490

    IS - 2

    ER -