Use of a new public bicycle share program in Montreal, Canada

Daniel Fuller, Lise Gauvin, Yan Kestens, Mark DANIEL, Michel Fournier, Patrick Morency, Louis Drouin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

87 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background

Cycling contributes to physical activity and health. Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use.

Purpose

To determine the prevalence and correlates of use of a new public bicycle share program called BIXI (name merges the word BIcycle and taXI) implemented in May 2009 in Montreal, Canada.

Methods

A total of 2502 adults were recruited to a telephone survey in autumn 2009 via random-digit dialing according to a stratified random sampling design. The prevalence of BIXI bicycle use was estimated. Multivariate logistic regression allowed for identification of correlates of use. Data analysis was conducted in spring and summer 2010.

Results

The unweighted mean age of respondents was 47.4 (SD=16.8) years and 61.4% were female. The weighted prevalence for use of BIXI bicycles at least once was 8.2%. Significant correlates of BIXI bicycle use were having a BIXI docking station within 250 m of home, being aged 18–24 years, being university educated, being on work leave, and using cycling as the primary mode of transportation to work.
Conclusions

A newly implemented public bicycle share program attracts a substantial fraction of the population and is more likely to attract younger and more educated people who currently use cycling as a primary transportation mode.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-83
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Canada
Homes for the Aged
Population Control
Telephone
Names
Logistic Models
Health
Research
Population
Surveys and Questionnaires

Cite this

Fuller, Daniel ; Gauvin, Lise ; Kestens, Yan ; DANIEL, Mark ; Fournier, Michel ; Morency, Patrick ; Drouin, Louis. / Use of a new public bicycle share program in Montreal, Canada. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2011 ; Vol. 41, No. 1. pp. 80-83.
@article{ccac86bfff2f4c18b9e0411d633a20bf,
title = "Use of a new public bicycle share program in Montreal, Canada",
abstract = "BackgroundCycling contributes to physical activity and health. Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use.PurposeTo determine the prevalence and correlates of use of a new public bicycle share program called BIXI (name merges the word BIcycle and taXI) implemented in May 2009 in Montreal, Canada.MethodsA total of 2502 adults were recruited to a telephone survey in autumn 2009 via random-digit dialing according to a stratified random sampling design. The prevalence of BIXI bicycle use was estimated. Multivariate logistic regression allowed for identification of correlates of use. Data analysis was conducted in spring and summer 2010.ResultsThe unweighted mean age of respondents was 47.4 (SD=16.8) years and 61.4{\%} were female. The weighted prevalence for use of BIXI bicycles at least once was 8.2{\%}. Significant correlates of BIXI bicycle use were having a BIXI docking station within 250 m of home, being aged 18–24 years, being university educated, being on work leave, and using cycling as the primary mode of transportation to work.ConclusionsA newly implemented public bicycle share program attracts a substantial fraction of the population and is more likely to attract younger and more educated people who currently use cycling as a primary transportation mode.",
author = "Daniel Fuller and Lise Gauvin and Yan Kestens and Mark DANIEL and Michel Fournier and Patrick Morency and Louis Drouin",
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Fuller, D, Gauvin, L, Kestens, Y, DANIEL, M, Fournier, M, Morency, P & Drouin, L 2011, 'Use of a new public bicycle share program in Montreal, Canada', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 80-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2011.03.002

Use of a new public bicycle share program in Montreal, Canada. / Fuller, Daniel; Gauvin, Lise; Kestens, Yan; DANIEL, Mark; Fournier, Michel; Morency, Patrick; Drouin, Louis.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 41, No. 1, 2011, p. 80-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Use of a new public bicycle share program in Montreal, Canada

AU - Fuller, Daniel

AU - Gauvin, Lise

AU - Kestens, Yan

AU - DANIEL, Mark

AU - Fournier, Michel

AU - Morency, Patrick

AU - Drouin, Louis

PY - 2011

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N2 - BackgroundCycling contributes to physical activity and health. Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use.PurposeTo determine the prevalence and correlates of use of a new public bicycle share program called BIXI (name merges the word BIcycle and taXI) implemented in May 2009 in Montreal, Canada.MethodsA total of 2502 adults were recruited to a telephone survey in autumn 2009 via random-digit dialing according to a stratified random sampling design. The prevalence of BIXI bicycle use was estimated. Multivariate logistic regression allowed for identification of correlates of use. Data analysis was conducted in spring and summer 2010.ResultsThe unweighted mean age of respondents was 47.4 (SD=16.8) years and 61.4% were female. The weighted prevalence for use of BIXI bicycles at least once was 8.2%. Significant correlates of BIXI bicycle use were having a BIXI docking station within 250 m of home, being aged 18–24 years, being university educated, being on work leave, and using cycling as the primary mode of transportation to work.ConclusionsA newly implemented public bicycle share program attracts a substantial fraction of the population and is more likely to attract younger and more educated people who currently use cycling as a primary transportation mode.

AB - BackgroundCycling contributes to physical activity and health. Public bicycle share programs (PBSPs) increase population access to bicycles by deploying bicycles at docking stations throughout a city. Minimal research has systematically examined the prevalence and correlates of PBSP use.PurposeTo determine the prevalence and correlates of use of a new public bicycle share program called BIXI (name merges the word BIcycle and taXI) implemented in May 2009 in Montreal, Canada.MethodsA total of 2502 adults were recruited to a telephone survey in autumn 2009 via random-digit dialing according to a stratified random sampling design. The prevalence of BIXI bicycle use was estimated. Multivariate logistic regression allowed for identification of correlates of use. Data analysis was conducted in spring and summer 2010.ResultsThe unweighted mean age of respondents was 47.4 (SD=16.8) years and 61.4% were female. The weighted prevalence for use of BIXI bicycles at least once was 8.2%. Significant correlates of BIXI bicycle use were having a BIXI docking station within 250 m of home, being aged 18–24 years, being university educated, being on work leave, and using cycling as the primary mode of transportation to work.ConclusionsA newly implemented public bicycle share program attracts a substantial fraction of the population and is more likely to attract younger and more educated people who currently use cycling as a primary transportation mode.

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SN - 0749-3797

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