User-centered, Research-based Design of Futuristic Intensive Care Units

Carlos MONTANA HOYOS, Stephen TRATHEN, Balaji Bikshandi, Hugh Stehlik, Frank Van Haren

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    This paper discusses the planning, implementation and results of a design research project developed with Industrial Design post-graduate students, which used ergonomics and user-centred design approaches in health-services environments, specifically Intensive Care Units (ICU) in Hospitals, to design innovative ICU design concepts. Initially, a review of the literature shows current approaches to ICU design, mainly from an architectural perspective. Current and futuristic visions for ICU spaces are illustrated through examples from architecture and science fiction movies. The concept of "very large scale integration" within digital technologies is also discussed, as a basis for possible design directions. Subsequently, field work through user-observations, surveys and unstructured interviews of patients, family, and healthcare workers (mainly nurses and medical doctors) carried on at the Calvary John James Hospital (CJJH) and the Canberra Hospital (CH) are described, and main findings are summarized. Based on the previous research, tangible outcomes of this project also include some short-term solutions as well as futuristic conceptual design proposals.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    Number of pages6
    JournalThe International Journal of Architectonic, Spatial, and Environmental Design
    Volume10
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2016

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