We used informal conservation and focus group techniques to gather information in 2 Ashaninka communities in Pichis River valley, central Peru. We found that turtles were mainly used as food, although some medicinal and supernatural uses were also reported. Locals demonstrated a comprehensive knowledge on the underlying causes of contemporary reductions in turtle abundance within their territory; their spiritual beliefs, including taboos on catching turtles, and those relating to supernatural or sacred sites caused them to avoid hunting and fishing in some wetlands.
Bruno, D. O. F., & Cruzado, G. (2013). Uses, Beliefs, and Conservation of Turtles by Ashaninka Indigenous People, Central Peru. Chelonian Conservation Biology, 12(2), 308-313. https://doi.org/10.2744/CCB-1025.1