Validity of the Emotional Intelligence Scale for Use in Sport

Andrew M. Lane, Barbara B. Meyer, Tracey J. Devonport, Kevin A. Davies, Richard Thelwell, Gobinder S. Gill, Caren D P Diehl, Mat Wilson, Neil Weston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study investigated the factorial validity of the 33-item self-rated Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS: Schutte et al., 1998) for use with athletes. In stage 1, content validity of the EIS was assessed by a panel of experts (n = 9). Items were evaluated in terms of whether they assessed EI related to oneself and EI focused on others. Content validity further examined items in terms of awareness, regulation, and utilization of emotions. Content validity results indicated items describe 6-factors: appraisal of own emotions, regulation of own emotions, utilization of own emotions, optimism, social skills, and appraisal of others emotions. Results highlighted 13-items which make no direct reference to emotional experiences, and therefore, it is questionable whether such items should be retained. Stage 2 tested two competing models: a single factor model, which is the typical way researchers use the EIS and the 5-factor model (optimism was discarded as it become a single-item scale fiolliwng stage 1) identified in stage 1. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results on EIS data from 1,681 athletes demonstrated unacceptable fit indices for the 33-item single factor model and acceptable fit indices for the 6-factor model. Data were re-analyzed after removing the 13-items lacking emotional content, and CFA results indicate partial support for single factor model, and further support for a five-factor model (optimism was discarded as a factor during item removal). Despite encouraging results for a reduced item version of the EIS, we suggest further validation work is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289-295
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Sports Science and Medicine
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Emotional Intelligence
Sports
Emotions
Athletes
Statistical Factor Analysis
Reproducibility of Results
Research Personnel
Optimism

Cite this

Lane, A. M., Meyer, B. B., Devonport, T. J., Davies, K. A., Thelwell, R., Gill, G. S., ... Weston, N. (2009). Validity of the Emotional Intelligence Scale for Use in Sport. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 8(2), 289-295.
Lane, Andrew M. ; Meyer, Barbara B. ; Devonport, Tracey J. ; Davies, Kevin A. ; Thelwell, Richard ; Gill, Gobinder S. ; Diehl, Caren D P ; Wilson, Mat ; Weston, Neil. / Validity of the Emotional Intelligence Scale for Use in Sport. In: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2009 ; Vol. 8, No. 2. pp. 289-295.
@article{494a8275f15c4c01a83ee3672b26bfcf,
title = "Validity of the Emotional Intelligence Scale for Use in Sport",
abstract = "This study investigated the factorial validity of the 33-item self-rated Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS: Schutte et al., 1998) for use with athletes. In stage 1, content validity of the EIS was assessed by a panel of experts (n = 9). Items were evaluated in terms of whether they assessed EI related to oneself and EI focused on others. Content validity further examined items in terms of awareness, regulation, and utilization of emotions. Content validity results indicated items describe 6-factors: appraisal of own emotions, regulation of own emotions, utilization of own emotions, optimism, social skills, and appraisal of others emotions. Results highlighted 13-items which make no direct reference to emotional experiences, and therefore, it is questionable whether such items should be retained. Stage 2 tested two competing models: a single factor model, which is the typical way researchers use the EIS and the 5-factor model (optimism was discarded as it become a single-item scale fiolliwng stage 1) identified in stage 1. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results on EIS data from 1,681 athletes demonstrated unacceptable fit indices for the 33-item single factor model and acceptable fit indices for the 6-factor model. Data were re-analyzed after removing the 13-items lacking emotional content, and CFA results indicate partial support for single factor model, and further support for a five-factor model (optimism was discarded as a factor during item removal). Despite encouraging results for a reduced item version of the EIS, we suggest further validation work is needed.",
keywords = "Construct validity, Measurement, Mood, Psychometric, Regulation",
author = "Lane, {Andrew M.} and Meyer, {Barbara B.} and Devonport, {Tracey J.} and Davies, {Kevin A.} and Richard Thelwell and Gill, {Gobinder S.} and Diehl, {Caren D P} and Mat Wilson and Neil Weston",
year = "2009",
month = "6",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
pages = "289--295",
journal = "Journal of Sports Science and Medicine",
issn = "1303-2968",
publisher = "Department of Sports Medicine, Medical Faculty of Uludag University",
number = "2",

}

Lane, AM, Meyer, BB, Devonport, TJ, Davies, KA, Thelwell, R, Gill, GS, Diehl, CDP, Wilson, M & Weston, N 2009, 'Validity of the Emotional Intelligence Scale for Use in Sport', Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 289-295.

Validity of the Emotional Intelligence Scale for Use in Sport. / Lane, Andrew M.; Meyer, Barbara B.; Devonport, Tracey J.; Davies, Kevin A.; Thelwell, Richard; Gill, Gobinder S.; Diehl, Caren D P; Wilson, Mat; Weston, Neil.

In: Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, Vol. 8, No. 2, 06.2009, p. 289-295.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Validity of the Emotional Intelligence Scale for Use in Sport

AU - Lane, Andrew M.

AU - Meyer, Barbara B.

AU - Devonport, Tracey J.

AU - Davies, Kevin A.

AU - Thelwell, Richard

AU - Gill, Gobinder S.

AU - Diehl, Caren D P

AU - Wilson, Mat

AU - Weston, Neil

PY - 2009/6

Y1 - 2009/6

N2 - This study investigated the factorial validity of the 33-item self-rated Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS: Schutte et al., 1998) for use with athletes. In stage 1, content validity of the EIS was assessed by a panel of experts (n = 9). Items were evaluated in terms of whether they assessed EI related to oneself and EI focused on others. Content validity further examined items in terms of awareness, regulation, and utilization of emotions. Content validity results indicated items describe 6-factors: appraisal of own emotions, regulation of own emotions, utilization of own emotions, optimism, social skills, and appraisal of others emotions. Results highlighted 13-items which make no direct reference to emotional experiences, and therefore, it is questionable whether such items should be retained. Stage 2 tested two competing models: a single factor model, which is the typical way researchers use the EIS and the 5-factor model (optimism was discarded as it become a single-item scale fiolliwng stage 1) identified in stage 1. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results on EIS data from 1,681 athletes demonstrated unacceptable fit indices for the 33-item single factor model and acceptable fit indices for the 6-factor model. Data were re-analyzed after removing the 13-items lacking emotional content, and CFA results indicate partial support for single factor model, and further support for a five-factor model (optimism was discarded as a factor during item removal). Despite encouraging results for a reduced item version of the EIS, we suggest further validation work is needed.

AB - This study investigated the factorial validity of the 33-item self-rated Emotional Intelligence Scale (EIS: Schutte et al., 1998) for use with athletes. In stage 1, content validity of the EIS was assessed by a panel of experts (n = 9). Items were evaluated in terms of whether they assessed EI related to oneself and EI focused on others. Content validity further examined items in terms of awareness, regulation, and utilization of emotions. Content validity results indicated items describe 6-factors: appraisal of own emotions, regulation of own emotions, utilization of own emotions, optimism, social skills, and appraisal of others emotions. Results highlighted 13-items which make no direct reference to emotional experiences, and therefore, it is questionable whether such items should be retained. Stage 2 tested two competing models: a single factor model, which is the typical way researchers use the EIS and the 5-factor model (optimism was discarded as it become a single-item scale fiolliwng stage 1) identified in stage 1. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) results on EIS data from 1,681 athletes demonstrated unacceptable fit indices for the 33-item single factor model and acceptable fit indices for the 6-factor model. Data were re-analyzed after removing the 13-items lacking emotional content, and CFA results indicate partial support for single factor model, and further support for a five-factor model (optimism was discarded as a factor during item removal). Despite encouraging results for a reduced item version of the EIS, we suggest further validation work is needed.

KW - Construct validity

KW - Measurement

KW - Mood

KW - Psychometric

KW - Regulation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=67650078489&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 289

EP - 295

JO - Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

JF - Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

SN - 1303-2968

IS - 2

ER -

Lane AM, Meyer BB, Devonport TJ, Davies KA, Thelwell R, Gill GS et al. Validity of the Emotional Intelligence Scale for Use in Sport. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine. 2009 Jun;8(2):289-295.