Value relevance of earnings and cash flows during the global financial crisis

Md Khokan Bepari, Sheikh F. Rahman, Abu MOLLIK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)
9 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Purpose
– The purpose of this paper is to investigate the incremental value relevance of cash flow from operations (CFO) given book value and earnings. It also examines the relative value relevance of earnings and CFO and changes therein between the 2008‐2009 global financial crisis (GFC) and the pre‐crisis period (PCP).

Design/methodology/approach
– Least square regressions are estimated using modified Ohlson model to examine the research questions. Relative and incremental value relevance is examined by adjusted R2 and Vuong Z statistics.

Findings
– The findings suggest that CFO has value relevance incremental to book value and earnings. The findings also suggest that earnings has greater relative and incremental information content than CFO in the Australian market. The value relevance of earnings has increased and that of CFO has decreased during the GFC compared to the PCP.

Research limitations/implications
– This study focuses on a single country. Future studies can conduct cross‐country examination of the impact of the GFC on the value relevance of earnings and CFO.

Practical implications
– This study contributes to the debate on the value relevance of CFO incremental to book value and earnings. It also extends the literature, showing that earnings has information content (value relevance) superior to CFO in the Australian market even during an economy‐wide exogenous shock like the one of the 2008‐2009 GFC.

Originality/value
– This is the first known study examining the value relevance of fundamental accounting information such as earnings and CFO in the context of the 2008‐2009 GFC. It extends prior research in East Asian countries in the context of 1997 Asian financial crisis and provides evidence on the impact of a world‐wide exogenous shock on the value relevance of earnings and CFO from a relatively mature and developed country with different legal, institutional and enforcement backgrounds
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)226-251
Number of pages26
JournalReview of Accounting and Finance
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Global financial crisis
Cash flow
Value relevance
Incremental
Book value
Exogenous shocks
Information content
Ohlson model
Statistics
Asian countries
Design methodology
Enforcement
Least squares
Asian financial crisis
Developed countries
Accounting information

Cite this

Bepari, Md Khokan ; Rahman, Sheikh F. ; MOLLIK, Abu. / Value relevance of earnings and cash flows during the global financial crisis. In: Review of Accounting and Finance. 2013 ; Vol. 12, No. 3. pp. 226-251.
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Value relevance of earnings and cash flows during the global financial crisis. / Bepari, Md Khokan; Rahman, Sheikh F.; MOLLIK, Abu.

In: Review of Accounting and Finance, Vol. 12, No. 3, 2013, p. 226-251.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Value relevance of earnings and cash flows during the global financial crisis

AU - Bepari, Md Khokan

AU - Rahman, Sheikh F.

AU - MOLLIK, Abu

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to investigate the incremental value relevance of cash flow from operations (CFO) given book value and earnings. It also examines the relative value relevance of earnings and CFO and changes therein between the 2008‐2009 global financial crisis (GFC) and the pre‐crisis period (PCP).Design/methodology/approach– Least square regressions are estimated using modified Ohlson model to examine the research questions. Relative and incremental value relevance is examined by adjusted R2 and Vuong Z statistics.Findings– The findings suggest that CFO has value relevance incremental to book value and earnings. The findings also suggest that earnings has greater relative and incremental information content than CFO in the Australian market. The value relevance of earnings has increased and that of CFO has decreased during the GFC compared to the PCP.Research limitations/implications– This study focuses on a single country. Future studies can conduct cross‐country examination of the impact of the GFC on the value relevance of earnings and CFO.Practical implications– This study contributes to the debate on the value relevance of CFO incremental to book value and earnings. It also extends the literature, showing that earnings has information content (value relevance) superior to CFO in the Australian market even during an economy‐wide exogenous shock like the one of the 2008‐2009 GFC.Originality/value– This is the first known study examining the value relevance of fundamental accounting information such as earnings and CFO in the context of the 2008‐2009 GFC. It extends prior research in East Asian countries in the context of 1997 Asian financial crisis and provides evidence on the impact of a world‐wide exogenous shock on the value relevance of earnings and CFO from a relatively mature and developed country with different legal, institutional and enforcement backgrounds

AB - Purpose– The purpose of this paper is to investigate the incremental value relevance of cash flow from operations (CFO) given book value and earnings. It also examines the relative value relevance of earnings and CFO and changes therein between the 2008‐2009 global financial crisis (GFC) and the pre‐crisis period (PCP).Design/methodology/approach– Least square regressions are estimated using modified Ohlson model to examine the research questions. Relative and incremental value relevance is examined by adjusted R2 and Vuong Z statistics.Findings– The findings suggest that CFO has value relevance incremental to book value and earnings. The findings also suggest that earnings has greater relative and incremental information content than CFO in the Australian market. The value relevance of earnings has increased and that of CFO has decreased during the GFC compared to the PCP.Research limitations/implications– This study focuses on a single country. Future studies can conduct cross‐country examination of the impact of the GFC on the value relevance of earnings and CFO.Practical implications– This study contributes to the debate on the value relevance of CFO incremental to book value and earnings. It also extends the literature, showing that earnings has information content (value relevance) superior to CFO in the Australian market even during an economy‐wide exogenous shock like the one of the 2008‐2009 GFC.Originality/value– This is the first known study examining the value relevance of fundamental accounting information such as earnings and CFO in the context of the 2008‐2009 GFC. It extends prior research in East Asian countries in the context of 1997 Asian financial crisis and provides evidence on the impact of a world‐wide exogenous shock on the value relevance of earnings and CFO from a relatively mature and developed country with different legal, institutional and enforcement backgrounds

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KW - value relevancy

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DO - 10.1108/RAF-May-2012-0050

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EP - 251

JO - Review of Accounting and Finance

JF - Review of Accounting and Finance

SN - 1475-7702

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