Viral biocontrol of invasive vertebrates: Lessons from the past applied to cyprinid herpesvirus-3 and carp (Cyprinus carpio) control in Australia

K McColl, Brian Cooke, Agus Sunarto

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    28 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This paper reviews successful and, briefly, unsuccessful viral biocontrol programs for invasive vertebrate pests to provide lessons for future programs, especially the potential use of cyprinid herpesvirus-3 to control carp in Australia. There have only been three major programs where viral pathogens have been used successfully against invasive vertebrate pests. Myxoma and rabbit hemorrhagic disease viruses were used to control rabbits in Australia, and feline panleukopenia virus helped eliminate cats from sub-Antarctic Marion Island. These programs have shown us that successful viral biocontrol programs for invasive species must include: a thorough understanding of the biology of the target species, and of the viral epidemiology; an integrated pest management program involving both the virus and other control methods; and, a post-release assessment of the ecological benefits of the program. The most important practical lessons identified in this review are: the greatest impact of viruses as biocontrol agents is in the first years following release; unsuspected cross-reactive viruses may confer protection on the target species; and, there may be age- or temperature-related resistance to the virus in the target species.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)109-117
    Number of pages9
    JournalBiological Control
    Volume72
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2014

    Fingerprint

    Cyprinid herpesvirus 3
    Cyprinus carpio
    carp
    biological control
    vertebrates
    vertebrate pests
    viruses
    release assessment
    Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus
    Carnivore protoparvovirus 1
    integrated pest management
    invasive species
    biological control agents
    epidemiology
    control methods
    rabbits
    cats
    Biological Sciences
    pathogens
    temperature

    Cite this

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    title = "Viral biocontrol of invasive vertebrates: Lessons from the past applied to cyprinid herpesvirus-3 and carp (Cyprinus carpio) control in Australia",
    abstract = "This paper reviews successful and, briefly, unsuccessful viral biocontrol programs for invasive vertebrate pests to provide lessons for future programs, especially the potential use of cyprinid herpesvirus-3 to control carp in Australia. There have only been three major programs where viral pathogens have been used successfully against invasive vertebrate pests. Myxoma and rabbit hemorrhagic disease viruses were used to control rabbits in Australia, and feline panleukopenia virus helped eliminate cats from sub-Antarctic Marion Island. These programs have shown us that successful viral biocontrol programs for invasive species must include: a thorough understanding of the biology of the target species, and of the viral epidemiology; an integrated pest management program involving both the virus and other control methods; and, a post-release assessment of the ecological benefits of the program. The most important practical lessons identified in this review are: the greatest impact of viruses as biocontrol agents is in the first years following release; unsuspected cross-reactive viruses may confer protection on the target species; and, there may be age- or temperature-related resistance to the virus in the target species.",
    keywords = "Biological control, Vertebrate pests, Cyprinid herpesvirus-3, Feline panleukopenia, Myxomatosis, Rabbit hemorrhagic disease.",
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    Viral biocontrol of invasive vertebrates: Lessons from the past applied to cyprinid herpesvirus-3 and carp (Cyprinus carpio) control in Australia. / McColl, K; Cooke, Brian; Sunarto, Agus.

    In: Biological Control, Vol. 72, No. 1, 2014, p. 109-117.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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