Visual and nonvisual processes in grade 6 students’ mathematical problem solving

Tom Lowrie, M. A. Ken Clements

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reports an investigation into the problem-solving methods employed by three Grade 6 students who, over the course of a school year, worked on a variety of mathematics problems. One of the students tended to solve problems in a visual manner; the second preferred a more verbal/nonvisual approach; and the third tended to use both visual and nonvisual strategies. Over the school year, the three students moved toward more nonvisual, verbal/analytic forms of reasoning as task familiarity increased.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-93
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Research in Childhood Education
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001
Externally publishedYes


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