Visualization of macrophage lytic cell death during mycobacterial infection in zebrafish embryos via intravital microscopy

Liangfei Niu, Cong Wang, Kaile Zhang, Miaomiao Kang, Rui Liang, Xiaonan Zhang, Bo Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Zebrafish is an excellent model organism for studying innate immune cell behavior due to its transparent nature and reliance solely on its innate immune system during early development. The Zebrafish Mycobacterium marinum (M. marinum) infection model has been well-established in studying host immune response against mycobacterial infection. It has been suggested that different macrophage cell death types will lead to the diverse outcomes of mycobacterial infection. Here we describe a protocol using intravital microscopy to observe macrophage cell death in zebrafish embryos following M. marinum infection. Zebrafish transgenic lines that specifically label macrophages and neutrophils are infected via intramuscular microinjection of fluorescently labeled M. marinum in either the midbrain or the trunk. Infected zebrafish embryos are subsequently mounted on low melting agarose and observed by confocal microscopy in X-Y-Z-T dimensions. Because long-term live imaging requires using low laser power to avoid photobleaching and phototoxicity, a strongly expressing transgenic is highly recommended. This protocol facilitates the visualization of the dynamic processes in vivo, including immune cell migration, host pathogen interaction, and cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere60698
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Visualized Experiments
Volume2019
Issue number143
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Externally publishedYes

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