Whose nature? What solutions? Linking Ecohydrology to Nature-based solutions

Peter Bridgewater

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    3 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The term “Nature-based solutions” (NbS) has now entered the lexicon of natural resource managers. Yet there is still a lack of clarity regarding what Nature-based solutions offer to a world pining for sustainability. This is shown in sharp relief by the different definitions and positions taken by IUCN and, among others, the European Commission. Although NbS are applicable worldwide the origin of the idea from two European-based agencies has given it a strong Eurocentric focus. Recent literature has expanded the focus to a more global one. Yet, in striving for sustainability in today's world, with rapid and unpredictable change and real questions on how close we are to crossing planetary boundaries (if, indeed, such boundaries exist), we need to resolve what “nature” we are talking about and what “solutions” we see it providing. There are 10 clear, interrelated principles, governed by feedbacks between and among them that can be derived from the thinking behind NbS. These principles echo those of the Ecosystem Approach of the Convention on Biological Diversity and can be linked to the whole theoretical and practical base included under the discipline of Ecohydrology. UNESCO's work in Ecohydrology and Biosphere Reserves under the International Hydrological and Man and the Biosphere Programmes continues to provide practical solutions for global management of water and ecosystems on a rapidly evolving theoretical base. To be fully effective NbS must focus on twenty-first century environmental problems and what solutions nature can contribute in resolving known, known-unknown and unknown-unknown problems.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)311-316
    Number of pages6
    JournalEcohydrology and Hydrobiology
    Volume18
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2018

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    ecohydrology
    sustainability
    ecosystem approach
    UNESCO
    twenty first century
    European Commission
    biosphere
    relief
    natural resource
    ecosystem
    water
    world
    ecosystem management
    water management
    natural resources
    managers
    biodiversity
    programme
    convention
    biosphere reserve

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The term “Nature-based solutions” (NbS) has now entered the lexicon of natural resource managers. Yet there is still a lack of clarity regarding what Nature-based solutions offer to a world pining for sustainability. This is shown in sharp relief by the different definitions and positions taken by IUCN and, among others, the European Commission. Although NbS are applicable worldwide the origin of the idea from two European-based agencies has given it a strong Eurocentric focus. Recent literature has expanded the focus to a more global one. Yet, in striving for sustainability in today's world, with rapid and unpredictable change and real questions on how close we are to crossing planetary boundaries (if, indeed, such boundaries exist), we need to resolve what “nature” we are talking about and what “solutions” we see it providing. There are 10 clear, interrelated principles, governed by feedbacks between and among them that can be derived from the thinking behind NbS. These principles echo those of the Ecosystem Approach of the Convention on Biological Diversity and can be linked to the whole theoretical and practical base included under the discipline of Ecohydrology. UNESCO's work in Ecohydrology and Biosphere Reserves under the International Hydrological and Man and the Biosphere Programmes continues to provide practical solutions for global management of water and ecosystems on a rapidly evolving theoretical base. To be fully effective NbS must focus on twenty-first century environmental problems and what solutions nature can contribute in resolving known, known-unknown and unknown-unknown problems.",
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    Whose nature? What solutions? Linking Ecohydrology to Nature-based solutions. / Bridgewater, Peter.

    In: Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology, Vol. 18, No. 4, 01.12.2018, p. 311-316.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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