Critical care nursing involves the specialised nursing care of critically ill patients who are vulnerable and may be unable to voice their needs or have their human rights recognized or addressed. The World Federation of Critical Care Nurses (WFCCN) accepts and supports the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the need for critically ill patients to be cared for with humanity, and to advocate for the rights of their families and communities. In the above context, WFCCN determined the need to create a document that was focused more specifically on the rights of critically ill patients. To this end, in August 2007, the WFCCN released its first Position Statement on the Rights of the Critically Ill Patient - The Declaration of Manila (WFCCN, 2007). The fundamental aim of this Declaration was to inform and assist critical care nursing associations, health services, educational facilities, and other interested parties to realize the rights of critically ill patients. Due to changes in critical care worldwide, as well as increased global migration, the WFCCN Board of Directors commissioned a review of the 2007 Declaration. As a result of this review, revisions were undertaken. This document represents the 2019 revised WFCCN Position Statement on the Rights of the Critically Ill Patient.