This thesis provides an overview of the main challenges experienced by African humanitarian entrants in their settlement in this country and of the response of the Humanitarian settlement services in Australia to these resettlement issues. The settlement of humanitarian entrants is a crucial issue both for the government and for the refugees themselves. In examining the issue, the thesis particularly considers three major settlement barriers, language, culture and reception experiences, which deeply affect the process of integration and adjustment into the new environment. It focuses upon the experiences of African refugees who arrived in Australia through humanitarian program between 2006 and 2012 and considers the views of the key settlement service provider, the Migrants and Refugee Settlement Service (MARSS),the government department responsible for refugee and humanitarian entrants. The Department of Immigration and Border Protection (DIBP) and the major Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) dealing with the issue, the Refugee Council of Australia (RCOA) and the Federation of Ethnic Communities Councils of Australia (FECCA) views were also considered. This thesis identifies community reception, language, culture and particularly employment as crucial aspects in refugee’s settlement. It emphasises the need to strengthen community education about people from different diverse backgrounds, at the same time as providing education to the refugee communities about the culture, norms and values of Australian society.