This study describes the development and evaluation of a parent training model to test if a correlation exists between effective tutoring and locus of control. The model utilized parents of boys previously referred to the Educational Clinic for reading difficulties. The parents became the major treatment resource for remediating reading problems of their 8 to 11 year old boys. The venue was a local public library where a series of five lessons and three follow-up sessions were held with both parents and their sons present over a six month period. Reading strategies to develop the utilization of contextual clues were introduced and practiced at these sessions. Control group children from a variety of schools in Canberra were selected to match the 21 treatment children by the criteria of chronological age and pre-test results on an objective word recognition test. The parents were pre- and post-tested using the Rotter I-E Scale while all boys were given the IAR Scale, the Neale Analysis of Reading, ACER Word Recognition, a Goodman-Eurke Miscue passage and the Survey of General Reading Attitude. Analysis of results indicated that sample size limited the number of significant results obtained. No significant results between I-E ratings and dependent variables were found. The tutor's and spouse's initial I-E perceptions were correlated at p=.08. Correlations between tutor final I and subject final I ratings were nonsignificant but positively correlated. The initial and final I-E ratings of tutors were correlated at the p.2 or higher) favouring the treatment group (when compared with the control group) suggests that a tutor programme based on improving reading comprehension may be of value to the clinic-referred retarded reader. A more comprehensive study bypassing the problems of sample size and differing causes for reading retardation is outlined using the n=l paradigm. Both locus of control and motivational factors of tutors and learners will be investigated.
|Date of Award||1979|